The H. Kenneth Barker Center for Economic Education

Ohio Reference Materials

 

Content standards were designed to encourage the highest achievement of every student, by defining the knowledge, concepts, and skills that students should acquire at each grade level.

Ohio Department of Education

 The Ohio Department of Education's (ODE) Office of Early Learning and School Readiness worked collaboratively with the ODE Office of Curriculum and Instruction in the development of Early Learning Content Standards for English language arts (ELA), mathematics, science and social studies. 

The economic standards are aligned with and integrated within the kindergarten through grade 12 standards. The Early Learning Content Standards for all four content areas were adopted by the State Board of Education in December 2003.  The following link provides the Early Learning Content Standards for the Ohio Department of Education. 

Economic Content Standards

 Students use economic reasoning skills and knowledge of major economic concepts , issues and systems in order to make informed choices as producers, consumers, savors, investors, workers, and citizens in an interdependent world.  The following links provide access to the Economic Academic Content Standards Benchmarks and Indicators:

Academic Content Standards Benchmarks: Economics

Academic Content Standards Indicators: Economics

 National Standards

 The Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics was first published by the Council for Economic Education in 1997 and quickly became an essential tool serving as the foundation for economic education.  In 2008, the national standards were updated with funding from the Council for Economic Education and by the U.S. Department of Education through the Excellence in Economic Education grant program administered by the Department’s Office of Innovation and Improvement. 

Each standard is accompanied by a rationale for its inclusion.  The rationale explains why it is essential for students to understand that standard and how the students’ lives and the lives of other citizens improve with that understanding.  In addition, each standard also includes a set of benchmarks divided into achievement levels for grades 4, 8, and 12.  The benchmarks identify building blocks underlying the principles embedded in the standard.  They contain assumptions, intermediate conclusions, and elaborations for each standard.  To a large extent, the benchmarks develop the economic reasoning behind the standard.  In this way, the standards and benchmarks add up to more than a simple list of things to know.  As students observe the reasoning process used by economists and practice it themselves, they will acquire the analytical skills they can apply to emerging economic issues unforeseen at the time the standards were written,

The following links provide access to the National Standards and the Voluntary National Content Standards in Economics 2nd Edition released in 2009.

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