Work with faculty from various disciplines on our 16-credit Certificate in Conflict Transformation & Social Entreprenuership. This certificate aims to integrate insights from conflict transformation, social sciences, and social entrepreneurship!
Certificate in Conflict Transformation & Social Entrepreneurship
Required Core (9 credits from this list)
3700:334 Law, Mediation & Violence (conflict transformation core)
3700:333 Social Entrepreneurship
3850:490 Organizations, Community, and Social Action
7600:444 Communication & Conflict
Experiential Learning Component (7 credits)
3230:460 Field Methods in Cultural Anthropology (4 credits) + 3 credits Internship, Field Research, Coop, Service Learning Project, Unclass (can be completed in any department)
7 credits of Internship, Field Research, Coop, Service Learning Project, or Unclass (can be completed in any department)
[For Official Use Only: A&S 14-11091, 14-11094, 14-12038, 14-12063; A&S 16-18263]
Thinking About Conflict Transformation and Social Entrepreneurship
The Center for Conflict Management Faculty Advisory Council has spent a considerable amount of time deliberating about the meaning and importance of social entrepreneurship, resulting in agreement on two core principles for our program.
(1) We share one conceptualization of social entrepreneurship and (2) We will build a shared discourse on this topic through adopting the Oxford University Press text listed and discussed below in our new Social Entrepreneurship course.
What Do We Mean by Social Entrepreneurship?
Innovative, holistic, mindful, research-based DOING designed to address a social problem in a sustainable manner. It is DOING with purpose, engaging thoughtfully & experientially.
As Benjamin Franklin said,
“Tell me and I forget, teach me and I may remember, involve me and I learn.”
听而忘之， 见而忆之， 行而知之 A Chinese proverb expresses a similar insight (roughly translated). "Hearing, forget. Seeing, remember. Doing, understand."
Activities can range from volunteering for a group like Oxfam, to working for Americorps, to starting your own organization or social movement to tackle an as-yet-not-addressed social problem—as long as wherever you land on this continuum you are actively engaged with a sustainable and innovative approach to transforming the conflicts in our lives.
Social Entrepreneurship is, therefore, at its core:
Innovative, Thoughtful, and Sustainable Action Addressing Social Problems
Embedded within this understanding is a strong emphasis on highlighting and advancing the ongoing, critical contributions from public sector agents—like scholars active in the social sciences, natural sciences, arts and humanities—to conflict transformation and social entrepreneurship as conceptualized here.
Cause lawyers like Thurgood Marshall use test cases and movement activists like Dr. King or Susan B. Anthony or Rachel Carson and Edward Abbey, Ralph Nader or Paul Weyrich use other legal mobilization tools to build and sustain social movements like the civil rights, women’s, environmental, tax reform, tort reform, pro-life, and pro-choice movements and more.
Social entrepreneurs in politics like our framers address the challenges related to building a large commercial and democratic republic with their innovation called federalism and a living constitution centering on protecting property rights…and in this context we have seen party leaders like Ray Bliss or Lyndon Johnson, Lincoln or Roosevelt and interest group lobbyists representing union workers or corporate trade groups craft innovative solutions--from Social Security to the Contract for America, the EPA to drug courts and charter schools--addressing a myriad political, social and economic challenges.
Grass roots problem solvers (sometimes developing national networks) like Heart2Heart Communication, LIP Service, AFSC, MADD, Tea Party Groups, Innocence Projects, ACORN, Doctors Without Borders, Greenpeace, Citizens Against Litigation Abuse and more. Each of these social entrepreneurs started out as an eager young person like yourself...
What problem will you create an innovative and sustainable solution for?
“Social entrepreneurship is a process [we prefer to think of it as an activity in the action research tradition, but we think this is entirely consistent with this focus on social entrepreneurship as an ongoing process] by which citizens build or transform institutions to advance solutions to social problems, such as poverty, illness, illiteracy, environmental destruction, human rights abuses and corruption, in order to make life better for many (Bornstein and Davis, Social Entrepreneurship: What Everyone Needs to Know, 1).”
Social entrepreneurs, like Nobel Prize winner Muhammad Yunus (whose innovation was the creation of the now large micro-loans industry, which has resulted in dramatic reductions in poverty), “grow solutions from the bottom up in a process characterized by trial and error, continuous iteration, and a sharp focus on results (17).”
These “system changers must therefore overcome apathy, habit, incomprehension, an disbelief while facing heated resistance from those with vested interests….[to] attract attention and funding, overcome apathy and opposition, shift behavior and mobilize political will, continually improve the idea, and take care of all the details in a painstaking fashion, no matter how long it takes (21-23).”
“It takes a curious combination of sensitivity and bullheadedness, humility and audacity, and restlessness and patience to lead a change process in the face of indifference, habit, fear, resource constraints, vested interests and institutional defenses (24).”
How Is Social Entrepreneurship Different from Business Entrepreneurship?
“For social entrepreneurs, the bottom line is to maximize some form of social impact, usually by addressing an urgent need that is being mishandled, overlooked, or ignored by other institutions…. The world needs both kinds of entrepreneurship; one should not be deemed superior to the other, although social entrepreneurship is often more challenging because it tackles problems that defied governmental approaches and for which market solutions have not yet been demonstrated (30).”
“The heart of social entrepreneurship is a willingness to try out ideas that are helpful to others. Social entrepreneurs are action researchers….Success may hinge less on what you know than on how well you learn new things, spot patterns, take initiative, and work with others (82).”
“The development of empathy [and other skills we will focus on in this program] is critical to this process, as people now interact regularly with strangers who come from different cultures and have different values…. Democracies need citizens who can empathize and identify with others, recognize problems, and collaborate in building solutions. They need citizens who can stay focused on long-term objectives and face adversity without quitting (83).”