Dr.   Mark   D.   Foster

Dr. Mark D. Foster

Thomas A. Knowles Professor
Department of Polymer Science
Phone: 330-972-5323
Email: mdf1@uakron.edu


  • 1987 Ph.D., Chemical Engineering, University of Minnesota
  • 1981 B.S., Chemical Engineering, Washington University

Dr. Foster's Research Website


Research Interests

Microstructure and dynamics of polymer systems, especially in thin films and near interfaces, e.g. surface segregation and adhesion; novel x-ray and neutron scattering techniques, especially small angle scattering and reflectometry for studying these phenomena

Faculty Profile [PDF]


Contact Information

Dr. Mark Foster
The University of Akron
Department of Polymer Science
Akron, Ohio 44325-3909

Email: mdf1@uakron.edu
Voice: (330) 972-5323
Fax: (330) 972-5290

Book Chapters

2. D. Mehtani, N. Lee, R.D. Hartschuh, A. Kisliuk, M.D. Foster, A.P. Sokolov, “Scanning Nano-Raman Spectroscopy of Silicon and Other Semiconducting Materials,” In: Tip Enhancements, Eds. S. Kawata and V.M. Shalaev (Elsevier, Amsterdam 2007) pp. 177-203.
1. A.M. Granville, S.G. Boyes, B. Akgun, M.D.  Foster, A. Constable, W.J. Brittain, “Stimuli-Responsive Semifluorinated Polymer Brushes,” in Responsive Polymer Materials, Eds. S. Minko, (Blackwell Publishing Professional, Ames, Iowa, 2006) pp. 69-83.

Refereed - Published, in Press, or accepted


L. Sun, B. Akgun, S. Narayanan, Z. Jiang, M. D. Foster, "Surface Fluctuations of Polymer Brushes Swollen in Good Solvent Vapor," Macromolecules, 49, 7308−7313, 2016.


Q. He, A. M. Yol, S-F. Wang, H. Ma, K. Guo, F. Zhang, C. Wesdemiotis, R. P. Quirk, M. D. Foster, "Efficient Synthesis of Well-defined Cyclic Polystyrenes Using Anionic Polymerization, Silicon Chloride Linking Chemistry and Metathesis Ring Closure," Polymer Chemistry, 7, 5840-5848, 2016, doi: 10.1039/C6PY01149G.


Q. He, S. Narayanan, D. T. Wu, M. D. Foster, "Confinement Effects with Molten Thin Cyclic Polystyrene Films," ACS Macro Letters, 5, 999-1003, 2016 doi: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.6b00497.


L. Sun, B. Akgun, R. Hu, J. Browning, D. T. Wu, M. D. Foster, "Scaling Behavior and Segment Concentration Profile of Densely Grafted Brushes Swollen in Vapor," Langmuir, 32 (22), 5623–5628, 2016 doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b00845.


J. D. Scherger, Edward A. Evans, Joseph A. Dura, Mark D. Foster, " Extending Nanoscale Spectroscopy with Titanium Nitride Probes," J. Raman Spectroscopy, 47, 1332-1336, 2016 doi: 10.1002/jrs.4959.


G. Ugur, B. Akgun, Z. Jiang, S. Narayanan, S. Satija, M.D. Foster "Effect of Tethering on the Surface Dynamics of a Thin Polymer Melt," Soft Matter, 12, 5372 – 5377, 2016 doi: 10.1039/C6SM00179C.


J. J. Scavuzzo, X. Yan, Y. Zhao, J. D. Scherger, J. Chen, S. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Gao, T. Li, X. Zhao, G. R. Hamed, M. D. Foster, L. Jia,, "Supramolecular Elastomers. Particulate b-Sheet Nanocrystal Reinforced Synthetic Elastic Networks," Macromolecules, 49 (7), 2688-2697, 2016, doi: 10.1021/acs.macromol.6b00003.


R.L. Agapov, J.D. Scherger, A.P. Sokolov, M.D. Foster, "Identification of Individual Isotopes in a Polymer Blend using Tip Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy," J. Raman Spectroscopy, 46 (5), 447-450, 2015. doi: 10.1002/jrs.4671
102. J. Lee, N-H. Lee, S. Peri, C.F. Majkrzak, R. Hu, D.T. Wu, M.D. Foster, "Surface Segregation Driven by Molecular Architecture Asymmetry in Polymer Blends," Phys. Rev. Lett. 113 (22), 225702, 2014, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.225702. Cited 3 times a/o 9/7/16.
101. S. Wang, S. Yang, J. Lee, B. Akgun, D.T. Wu, M.D. Foster, “Anomalous Surface Relaxations of Branched-Polymer Melts,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, (6), 068303, 2013, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.068303. Cited 10 times a/o 9/7/16.
100. R.L. Agapov, J. Robbins, R. Thomas, D.L. Hardman, M.D. Foster, “The Effect of Fluorosurfactant, Copolymer Latex, and Cross-linker on the Surface Properties of Floor Polishes: An Investigation using AFM with Adhesion Mapping,” Prog. Org. Coat., 76 1279-1287, 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.porgcoat.2013.03.020. Cited 1 time a/o 9/7/16.
99. W. Yu, S.R. Peri, M.D. Foster, “Manipulation of Polymer/Polymer Interface Width from Non-equilibrium Deposition,” ACS Appl. Materials and Interfaces, 5 (8), 2976-2984, 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am3022587. Cited 3 times a/o 9/7/16.
98. B. Liu, S. Narayanan, D.T. Wu, M.D. Foster, “Polymer Film Surface Dynamics in the Limit of Very Dense Branching,” Macromolecules 46 (8), 3190–3197, 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma3022986. Cited 4 times a/o 9/7/16.
97. R.L. Agapov, A.P. Sokolov, M.D. Foster, “Protecting TERS Probes from Degradation: Extending Mechanical and Chemical Stability,” J. Raman Spectroscopy, 44 (5), 710-716, 2013, doi: 10.1002/jrs.4268. Cited 6 times a/o 9/7/16.
96. B. Liu, R.P. Quirk, C. Wesdemiotis, A.M. Yol, M.D. Foster, “Precision Synthesis of omega-Branch, End-Functionalized Comb Polystyrenes by Using Living Anionic Polymerization and Thiol-Ene ‘Click’ Chemistry,” Macromolecules 45 (23), 9233–9242, 2012. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ma301897s Cited 11 times a/o 9/7/16.
95. A.M. Yol, D.E. Dabney, S. Wang, B.A. Laurent, M.D. Foster, R.P. Quirk, S.M. Grayson, C. Wesdemiotis, “Differentiation of Linear and Cyclic Polymer Architectures by MALDI Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MALDI- MS2),” Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 24 (1), 74-82, 2013  doi: 10.1007/s13361-012-0497-5. Cited 12 times a/o 9/7/16.
94. S. Wang, X. Li, R.L. Agapov, C. Wesdemiotis, M.D. Foster, “Probing Surface Concentration of Cyclic/Linear Blend Films Using Surface MALDI-TOF Mass Spectrometry,” ACS Macro Letters, 1, 1024 – 1027, 2012, doi:1021/mz300271w. Cited 7 times a/o 9/7/16.
93. S. Wang, Z. Jiang, S. Narayanan, M.D. Foster, “Dynamics of Surface Fluctuations on Macrocyclic Melts,” Macromolecules, 45 (15), 6210-6219, 2012, doi:10.1021/ma2028215. Cited 7 times a/o 9/7/16.
92. R.L. Agapov, A.P. Sokolov, M.D. Foster, “Robust Probes for High-Resolution Chemical Detection and Imaging,” Scanning Microscopes 2012: Advanced Microscopy Technologies For Defense, Homeland Security, Forensic, Life, Environmental, and Industrial Science Book Series: SPIE Proc. Vol. 8378, 837813, 2012, doi: 10.1117/12.919828
91. R.P. Quirk, S. Wang, M.D. Foster, C. Wesdemiotis, A.M. Yol, “Synthesis of Cyclic Polystyrenes Using Living Anionic Polymerization and Metathesis Ring-Closure,” Macromolecules, 44 (19), 7538-7545, 2011, doi:10.1021/ma200931n. Cited 23 times a/o 9/7/16.
90. S.R. Peri, B. Akgun, S. Satija, H. Jiang, J. Enlow, T.J. Bunning, and M.D. Foster, “Control of Interface Nanoscale Structure of Films Created by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 3 (9), 3375-3383, 2011, doi.org/10.1021/am200543x.
89. R.L. Agapov, A.V. Malkovskiy, A.P. Sokolov, and M.D. Foster, “Prolonged Blinking with TERS Probes,” J. Phys. Chem. C., 115, 8900–8905, 2011,doi:10.1021/jp111762u. Cited 10 times a/o 9/7/16.
88. S.R. Peri, B. Habersberger, B. Akgun, H. Jiang, J. Enlow, T.J. Bunning, C.F. Majkrzak, and M.D. Foster, “Variations in Cross-link Density with Deposition Pressure in Ultrathin Plasma Polymerized Benzene and Octafluorocyclobutane Films,” Polymer, 51, 4390-4397, 2010, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2010.07.026. Cited 4 times a/o 9/7/16.
87. S.R. Peri, H. Kim, B. Akgun, J. Enlow, H. Jiang, T.J. Bunning, X. Li, and M.D. Foster, “Structure of Copolymer Films Created by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition,” Polymer, 51, 3971-3977, 2010, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2010.06.055.
86. B. Akgun, G. Uğur, W.J. Brittain, C.F. Majkrzak, X. Li, J. Wang, H. Li, D.T. Wu, Q. Wang, M.D. Foster, “Internal Structure of Ultrathin Diblock Copolymer Brushes,” Macromolecules, 42 (21), 8411-8422, 2009, doi:10.1021/ma9015449. Cited 8 times a/o 9/7/16.
85. C.A. Barrios, A.V. Malkovskiy, A.M. Kisliuk, A.P. Sokolov, M.D. Foster,”Highly stable plasmonic nanostructures for TERS and SERS,” J. Phys. Chem. C, 113, 8158-8161, 2009,  doi:10.1021/jp8098126.
84. Akgun, G. Ugur, Z. Jiang, S. Narayanan, S. Song, H. Lee, W.J. Brittain, H. Kim, S.K. Sinha, M.D. Foster, “Surface Dynamics of ‘Dry’ Homopolymer Brushes,” Macromolecules, 42 (3), 737-741, 2009, doi:10.1021/ma801279z.
83. Akgun, D.R. Lee, H. Kim, H. Zhang, O. Prucker, J. Wang, J. Rühe, M.D. Foster, “Self-Affine Surfaces of Polymer Brushes,” Macromolecules, 40, 6361- 6369, 2007, doi:10.1021/ma0708794.
82. Lee, R.D. Hartschuh, D. Mehtani, A. Kisliuk, M.D. Foster, A.P. Sokolov, J.F. Maguire, M. Green, “High Contrast Scanning Nano-Raman Spectroscopy of Silicon,” J. Raman Spectroscopy, 38 (6), 789-796, 2007, doi:10.1002/jrs.1698.
81. J.S. Lee, M.D. Foster, D.T. Wu, “The Effects of Branch Points and Chain Ends on the Thermodynamics Interaction Parameter in Binary Blends of Regularly-Branched and Linear Polymers,” Macromolecules, 39 (15), 5113-5121, 2006, doi:10.1021/ma060023j.
80. W.J. Brittain, S.G. Boyes, A.M. Granville, M. Baum, B.K. Mirous, B. Akgun, B. Zhao, C. Blickle, M.D. Foster, “Surface Rearrangement of Diblock Copolymer Brushes – Stimuli Responsive Films,” Advances in Polymer Science, 198, 125-147, 2006.
79. D. Mehtani, N. Lee, R.D. Hartschuh, A. Kisliuk, M.D. Foster, A.P. Sokolov, F. Cajko and I. Tsukerman, “Optical Properties and Enhancement Factors of the Tips for Apertureless Near-field Optics,”  J. Optics A: Pure and Appl. Optics, 8, S183–S190, 2006, doi:10.1088/1464-4258/8/4/519.  Cited 50 times.
78. B. Akgun, W.J. Brittain, X. Li, J. Wang, M.D. Foster, “Interface Roughness Correlation in Diblock Copolymer Brushes Synthesized by ATRP,” Macromolecules, 38, 8614-8616, 2005 as a Communication, doi:10.1021/ma051277s.
77. D. Mehtani, N. Lee, R.D. Hartschuh, A. Kisliuk, M.D. Foster, A.P. Sokolov, J.F. Maguire, “Nano-Raman Spectroscopy with Side-Illumination Optics,” Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 36, 1068-1075, 2005, doi:10.1002/jrs.1409.
76. J. Lee, R.P. Quirk, M.D. Foster, “Synthesis and Characterization of Well-Defined, Regularly Branched Polystyrenes Utilizing Multifunctional Initiators,” Macromolecules, 38 (13), 5381-5392, 2005, doi:10.1021/ma050207i.
75. A.M. Granville, S.G. Boyes, B. Akgun, M.D. Foster, A. Constable, W.J. Brittain, “Stimuli-Responsive Semifluorinated Polymer Brushes,” Responsive Polymer Materials: Designs and Applications; Minko, S., ed.; Blackwell Publishing:Oxford UK, 2005.
74. A.M. Granville; S.G. Boyes, B. Akgun, M.D. Foster, W.J. Brittain, “Thermo-Responsive Behavior of Semi-Fluorinated Polymer Brushes on Flat Substrates,” Macromolecules, 38, 3263 – 3270, 2005, doi:10.1021/ma048620y.
73. H. Kim, M.D. Foster, H. Zhang, O. Prucker, J. Rühe, S. Narayanan, J. Wang, “Surface Fluctuations of Polymer Brushes Probed by Diffuse X-ray Scattering,” POLYMER, 46/7, 2331-2337, 2005.
72. J.S. Lee, R.P. Quirk, and M.D. Foster, “The Effect of Butadiene End-Capping of Arms in a Star Polystyrene on Solution Properties, Bulk Dynamics and Bulk Thermodynamic Interactions in Binary Blends,” Macromolecules, 37 (26), 10199-10204 DEC 28 2004, doi:10.1021/ma048758g.
71. S. Moon, M.D. Foster, “X-modulation: Instrumentation and Optimization,” SCANNING, 27 (1), 44-48, 2005.
70. J. Lee, R.P. Quirk, M.D. Foster, K.M. Wollyung, C. Wesdemiotis, “A New Methodology for the Synthesis of Star Polymers Utilizing the Reaction of Living Polymers with Alkoxysilyl-Functionalized Polymers,” Macromolecules, 37 (17), 6385 - 6394, 2004,  doi:10.1021/ma049733k.
69. S. Moon, S. Swearingen, M.D. Foster, “Study of Dynamic Adhesion Behavior using Atomic Force Microscopy,” Polymer, 45, 5951-5959, 2004, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2004.06.023.
68. H. Kim, M.D. Foster, S. Tullis, H. Jiang, T. Bunning, C.F. Majkrzak, “Interface Structure of Photonic Multilayers Prepared by Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition,” Polymer, 45 (10), 3175-3184, 2004, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2004.03.028.
67. A.M. Granville, S.G. Boyes, B. Akgun, M.D. Foster, W.J. Brittain, “Synthesis and Characterization of Stimuli-Responsive Semi-Fluorinated Polymer Brushes by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Macromolecules, 37 (8), 2790 - 2796, 2004, doi:10.1021/ma035915n.
66. J. Hwang, M.D. Foster, R.P. Quirk, “Synthesis of 4, 8, 12-arm Star-Branched Polybutadienes With Three Different Chain-end Functionalities Using a Functionalized Initiator,” POLYMER, 45(3), 873-880, 2004, doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2003.11.047.
65. S. Boyes, B. Akgun, W.J. Brittain, M.D. Foster, “Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Polyelectrolyte Block Copolymer Brushes Prepared by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization and Their Use in the Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles,” Macromolecules, 36 (25), 9539-9548, 2003, doi:10.1021/ma035029c.
64. E.Q. Chen, Y. Xia, M.J. Graham, M.D. Foster, Y.L. Mi, W.L. Wu, S.Z.D. Cheng, “Glass Transition Behavior of Polystyrene Blocks in the Cores of Collapsed Dry Micelles Tethered by Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Coronae in a PS-b-PDMS Diblock Copolymer,” Chem. Materials, 15 (11): 2129-2135 June 3, 2003, doi:10.1021/cm021010x.
63. E.J. Choi, M.D. Foster, S. Daly, R. Tilton, T. Przybycien, C.F. Majkrzak, P. Witte, H. Menzel, “Effect of Flow on Human Serum Albumin Adsorption to Self-Assembled Monolayers of Varying Packing Density,” Langmuir, 19 (13): 5464-5474, June 24, 2003, doi:10.1021/la026811t.
62. E. Choi, M.D. Foster, “Surfactant Displacement of Human Serum Albumin Adsorbed on Loosely-Packed Self-Assembled Monolayers: Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide Versus Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate,” J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 261/2, 273-282, 2003, doi:10.1016/S0021-9797(03)00063-8.
61. R.P. Quirk, R.T. Mathers, T. Cregger, M.D. Foster, “Anionic Synthesis of Block Copolymer Brushes Grafted from a 1,1-Diphenylethylene Monolayer,” Macromolecules, 35 (27), 9964-9974, 2002, doi:10.1021/ma011536n.
60. T.D. Martter, M.D. Foster, T. Yoo, S. Xu, G. Lizarraga, R.P. Quirk, “Thermodynamic Interaction Parameter of Star/Star Polybutadiene Blends,” J. Polym. Sci. B: Polym. Phys., 41, 247-257, 2003, doi:10.1002/polb.10367.
59. T.D. Martter, M.D. Foster, T. Yoo, S. Xu, G. Lizarraga, R.P. Quirk, P.D. Butler, “Nonuniversal Behavior of the Thermodynamic Interaction Parameter in Blends of Star and Linear Polybutadiene,” Macromolecules, 35 (26) 9763-9772, Dec. 17, 2002, doi:10.1021/ma0120916.
58. S. Moon, M.D. Foster, “Influence of Humidity on Surface Behavior of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives Studied Using Scanning Probe Microscopy,” Langmuir, 18 (21), 8108-8115, 2002.
57. A. Kisliuk, J. Hwang, J.S. Lee, B.K. Annis, M.D. Foster, A.P. Sokolov, “Influence of Molecular Architecture on Fast Dynamics and the Glass Transition in Polybutadiene,” J. Polym. Sci. B: Polym. Phys., 40 (21), 2431-2439, 2002.
56. T.D. Martter, M.D. Foster, K. Ohno, D.M. Haddleton, “Architecture-Driven Thermodynamic Interactions in Blends of Star-Branched and Linear Poly(methylmethacrylate),” J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys., 40 (15), 1704-1708, 2002.
55. S. Moon, M.D. Foster, “Near Surface Nanomechanical Behavior of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives Using Lateral Modulation Scanning Probe Microscopy,” Langmuir, 18 (5), 1865-1871, 2002.
54. E.J. Choi, M.D. Foster, “The Role of Specific Binding in Human Serum Albumin Adsorption to Self-Assembled Monolayers,” Langmuir, 18 (2), 557-561, 2002, http:/dx.doi.org/10.102/la010964j.
53. S. Petrash, T. Cregger, B. Zhao, J. Tremsina, M.D. Foster, W.J. Brittain, V. Sevastianov, C.F. Majkrzak, “Changes in Protein Adsorption on Self-Assembled Monolayers with Monolayer Order: Comparison of Human Serum Albumin and Human Gamma Globulin,” Langmuir, 17 (24), 7645-7651, 2001.
52. H. Lackmann, M.D. Foster, H. Menzel, “Photoprocesses in LB Films Containing Non-Isomerizing Diphenyldiacetylene Chromophores,” Coll. and Surf. A; Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 198-200, 709, 2002.
51. C.C. Greenberg, M.D. Foster, C.M. Turner, S. Corona-Galvan, E. Cloutet, R.P. Quirk, P.D. Butler, C. Hawker, “Effective Interaction Parameter Between Branched and Linear Polystyrene,” J. Polym. Sci. Part B: Polym. Phys., 39 (21), 2549-2561, 2001.
50. Z. Chen, M.D. Foster, H. Fong, D.H. Reneker, R. Resendes, I. Manners, “Structure of Poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane) in Electrospun Organometallic Nanofibers,” Macromolecules, 34 (18), 6156-6158, 2001. Published as a Communication. doi: 10.1021/ma991857n
49. S. Jia, M.D. Foster, “Resolving Lateral Variations in the Frequency Dependence of Adhesive Properties at the Surface of a Model Pressure Sensitive Adhesive,” J. Applied Polym. Sci., 84, 400-404, 2002.
48. A. Paiva, N. Sheller, M.D. Foster, A.J. Crosby, K.R. Shull, “Microindentation and Nanoindentation Studies of Aging in Pressure Sensitive Adhesives,” Macromolecules, 34 (7), 2269-2276, 2001. doi: 10.1021/ma0002343
47. K. Temple, J.A. Massey, Z. Chen, N. Vaidya, A. Berenbaum, M.D. Foster, I. Manners, “Living Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Unsymmetrically Substituted Silicon-Bridged [1]Ferrocenophanes: A Route to Organometallic Block Copolymers with Amorphous Poly(ferrocenylsilane) Blocks,” J. Inorganic and Organometallic Polym., 9, 189-198, 1999. (Actually submitted and appeared in 2000. Publication date is misleading.)
46. A. Paiva, M.D. Foster, “Aging of Model Pressure Sensitive Adhesives with Scanning Probe Microscopy,” J. Adhesion, 75, 145-160, 2001.
45. H. Yim, M.D. Foster, J. Engelking, H. Menzel, A. M. Ritcey, “Temperature Dependent Behavior of Langmuir Monolayers of Octadecyl Substituted Preformed Polyimides,” Langmuir, 16 (25), 9792-9796, 2000.
44. M.D. Foster, C.C. Greenberg, D.M. Teale, C.M. Turner, S. Corona-Galvan, E. Cloutet, P.D. Butler, B. Hammouda, R.P. Quirk, “Effective c and Surface Segregation in Blends of Star and Linear Polystyrene,” Makromolekulare Chemie - Macromolecular Symposia, 149, 263-268, 2000.
43. A. Paiva, N. Sheller, M.D. Foster, A.J. Crosby, K.R. Shull, “Study of the Surface Adhesion of Pressure Sensitive Adhesives by Atomic Force Microscopy and Spherical Indenter Tests,” Macromolecules, 33 (5), 1878-1881, 2000. doi: 10.1021/ma990765v
42. I. Luzinov, D. Julthongpiput, A. Liebmann-Vinson, T. Cregger, M.D. Foster, V.V. Tsukruk, “Epoxy-Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers: Molecular Glues for Polymer Layers,” Langmuir, 16 (2), 504-516, 2000.
41. B. Zhao, D. Mulkey, W.J. Brittain, Z. Chen, M.D. Foster, “Synthesis and Characterization of Phenol and o-Chlorophenol Terminated Monolayers,” Langmuir, 15 (20), 6856-6861, 1999.
40. W. Li, N. Sheller, M.D. Foster, D. Balashis, I. Manners, J.-S. Lin, “Morphology and Ordering Behavior of a Poly(styrene)-b-poly(ferrocenyldimethylsilane) Diblock Copolymer,” Polymer, 41, 719-724, 1999.
39. C.C. Greenburg, M.D. Foster, C.M. Turner, S. Corona-Galvan, E. Cloutet, P.D. Butler, B. Hammouda, R.P. Quirk, “Effective Interaction Parameter Between Topologically Distinct Polymers,” Polymer, 40 (16), 4713-4716, 1999. Cited 30 times (a/o 9/7/16).
38. C.M. Turner, N.B. Sheller, M.D. Foster, B. Lee, S. Corona-Galvan, R.P. Quirk, B. Annis, J.-S. Lin, “Effect of Chain Topology on Ordered Structure in Block Copolymers: Comparison of a Heteroarm A2B2 Star with its Linear Diblock Analog,” Macromolecules, 31 (13), 4372-4375, 1998. doi: 10.1021/ma980218u
37. H. Yim, M.D. Foster, D. Balaishis, I. Manners, “Structural Study of Monolayers of Alkyl Side Chain Substituted Poly(ferrocenylsilane),” Langmuir, 14, 3921-3925, 1998.
36. N.B. Sheller, S. Petrash, M. D. Foster, “Atomic Force Microscopy and X-ray Reflectivity Studies of Albumin Adsorbed onto Self-Assembled Monolayers of Hexadecyltrichlorosilane,” Langmuir, 14 (16), 4535-4544, 1998. Cited 100 times.
35. H. Yim, M.D. Foster, K. McCreight, X. Jin, S.Z.D. Cheng, F.W. Harris, “Structural Study of Monolayers of Alkyl Side Chain Substituted Polyimides,” Polymer, 39, 4675-4678, 1998.
34. H. Menzel, A. Heise, H. Yim, M.D. Foster, R.H. Wieringa, A.J. Schouten, “Factors Influencing the Layer Thickness of Poly-L-glutamates Grafted from Self-Assembled Monolayers,” ACS Symp. Ser. 695: Organic Thin Films: Structure and Applications, Oxford University Press, Curtis W. Frank, ed., 1998, p. 131-141.
33. A. Paiva, M.D. Foster, E. von Meerwall, “Mobility of a Tackifying Resin in a Pressure Sensitive Adhesive,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B:Polym. Phys., 36, 373-381, 1998.
32. S. Petrash, A. Liebmann-Vinson, M.D. Foster, L. Lander, W.J. Brittain, C.F. Majkrzak, “Neutron and X-ray Reflectivity Studies of Human Serum Albumin Adsorption onto Functionalized Surfaces of Self-Assembled Monolayers,” Biotechnology Progress, 13, 635-639, 1997.
31. H. Menzel, A. Heise, H. Yim, M.D. Foster, R.H. Wieringa, A.J. Schouten, “Anbindung von Polymeren an Festkörperoberflächen zur Erzielung einer speziallen Ausrichtung,” Gummi, Fasern, Kunstst., 50 (4), 288-292, 1997.
30. Y.S. Tremsina, V.I. Sevastianov, S. Petrash, W. Dando, M.D. Foster, “Competitive Adsorption of Human Serum Albumin and Gamma-Globulin from a Binary Protein Mixture onto Hexadecyl trichlorosilane Coated Glass,” Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Ed., 9, 151-161, 1998.
29. S. Petrash, N. Sheller, W. Dando, M.D. Foster, “Variation in Tenacity of Protein Adsorption on Self-Assembled Monolayers with Monolayer Order as Observed by X-ray Reflectivity,” Langmuir, 13, 1881-1883, 1997.  (published as a letter)  Cited 29 times (a/o 9/7/16).
28. T.R. Vierheller, M.D. Foster, A. Schmidt, K. Mathauer, W. Knoll, G. Wegner, S. Satija, C.F. Majkrzak, “Structure and Stability of Two Component Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers Containing Cadmium Arachidate and Polyglutamate Determined by Reflectivity,” Langmuir, 13, 1712-1717, 1997.
27. H. Yim, H. Wu, M.D. Foster, S.Z.D. Cheng, F.W. Harris, “Ultrathin Polyimide Films from Preformed Polymers,” Langmuir , 12, 3202-3205, 1997.
26. A. Heise, H. Menzel, H. Yim, M.D. Foster, R.H. Wieringa, A.J. Schouten, V. Erb, M. Stamm, “Grafting of Polypeptides on Solid Substrates by Initiation of N-Carboxyanhydride Polymerization by Amino Terminated Self Assembled Monolayers,” Langmuir, 13, 723-728, 1997.
25. L.M. Siewierski, W.J. Brittain, S. Petrash, M.D. Foster, “Photoresponsive Monolayers Containing In-Chain Azobenzene,” Langmuir, 12, 5838-5844, 1996. Cited 116 times (a/o 9/7/16)
24. T.R. Vierheller, M.D. Foster, H. Wu, A. Schmidt, W. Knoll, S. Satija, C.F. Majkrzak, “Stability of Cadmium Arachidate Langmuir Blodgett Multilayers as Determined by Neutron and X-ray Reflectometry,” Langmuir, 12, 5156-5164, 1996.
23. A. Liebmann-Vinson, L.M. Lander, M.D. Foster, W.J. Brittain, E.A. Vogler, C.F. Majkrzak, S. Satija, “A Neutron Reflectometry Study of Human Serum Albumin Adsorption In Situ,” Langmuir, 12, 2256-2262, 1996.
22. H. Wu, M.D. Foster, S.A. Ross, W.L. Mattice, M.A. Matties, “Temporal Stability of a Bilayer in a Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayer and its Dependence on Multilayer Structure,” Langmuir, 12, 3015-3023, 1996.
21. A. Karim, V.V. Tsukruk, J.F. Douglas, S.K. Satija, L.J. Fetters, D.H. Reneker, M.D. Foster, “Self-Organization of End-Grafted Polymer Brush Layers in a Poor Solvent,” Journal de Physique II (France), 5, 1441, 1995.
20. M. Schaub, C. Fakirov, G. Lieser, G. Wenz, G. Wegner, P-A. Albouy, A. Schmidt, H. Wu, M.D. Foster, C. Majkrzak, S. Satija, “Ultrathin Layers and Supramolecular Architecture of Isopentyl Cellulose,” Macromolecules, 28, 1221-1228, 1995.
19. M.D. Foster, T.R. Vierheller, A. Schmidt, K. Mathauer, K. Mathauer, W. Knoll, G. Wegner, “Structure and Stability of Langmuir-Blodgett-Kuhn Multilayers of ‘Hairy-Rod’ Copolymers,” Makromol. Chemie: Macromol. Symposia, 87, 35-43, 1994.
18. W.A. Goedel, H. Wu, M.C. Friedenberg, G.G. Fuller, M.D. Foster, C. Frank, “Monolayers of Perfluoropolyethers with a Hydrophilic Head Group,” Langmuir, 10 (11), 4209-4218, 1994.
17. T.R. Vierheller, M.D. Foster, A. Schmidt, K. Mathauer, W. Knoll, G. Wegner, S. Satija, C.F. Majkrzak, “Structure and Thermal Stability of Langmuir-Blodgett-Kuhn Layers of Hairy-Rod Polymers Probed with Neutron and X-ray Reflectometry,” Macromolecules, 27 (23), 6893-6902, 1994. doi: 10.1021/ma00101a030
16. A. Schmidt, K. Mathauer, G. Reiter, M.D. Foster, M. Stamm, G. Wegner, W. Knoll, “Self Diffusion of ‘Hairy Rod’ Molecules in Langmuir-Blodgett-Kuhn Multilayers Probed by Neutron and X-Ray Reflectometry,” Langmuir, 10, 3820-3826, 1994.
15. G.P. Felcher, R.J. Goyette, S. Anastasiadis, T.P. Russell, M.D. Foster, F. Bates, “Topology of Forward Scattering of Neutrons From Imperfect Multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B., 50, 9565-9568, 1994.
14. V.V. Tsukruk, M.D. Foster, D.H. Reneker, A. Schmidt, H. Wu, W. Knoll, “Modification of Surface of Polyglutamate Langmuir-Blodgett Bilayers by Atomic Force Microscopy,” Macromolecules, 27 (5), 1274-1280, 1994. doi: 10.1021/ma00083a030
13. M.D. Foster, “X-ray Scattering Characterization of Polymer Interfaces”, Critical ReviewsÒ in Analytical Chemistry, 24 (3), 179-241, 1993. doi: 10.1080/10408349308050553
12. R. Balaji, Y. Wang, M.D. Foster, W. Mattice, “Simulations of Microphase Separation Transition in a Diblock Copolymer Melt,” Computational Polymer Science, 3, 15-22, 1993.
11. V.V. Tsukruk, M.D. Foster, D.H. Reneker, A. Schmidt, W. Knoll, “Morphology of Langmuir-Blodgett Films from Polyglutamates Observed by Atomic Force Microscopy,” Langmuir, 9, 3538-3547, 1993.
10. M.D. Foster, M. Sikka, N. Singh, F.S. Bates, S.K. Satija, C.F. Majkrzak, “Structure of Symmetric Polyolefin Block Copolymer Thin Films,” J. Chem. Phys., 96, 8605, 1992.
9. M.D. Foster, T.R. Vierheller, A. Schmidt, W. Knoll, S.K. Satija, C.F. Majkrzak, “Interlayer Diffusion in Langmuir-Blodgett Multilayers,” Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 248, 41, 1992.

Before Coming to UA

8. N.P. Balsara, C.E. Eastman, M.D. Foster, T.P. Lodge, M. Tirrell, “Diffusion in Microstructured Block Copolymer Solutions,” Makromol. Chem. Makromol. Symp., 45, 213-235, 1991.
7. S. Hüttenbach, M. Stamm, G. Reiter, M.D. Foster, “The Interface between Two Strongly Incompatible Polymers: Interfacial Broadening and Roughening near Tg,” Langmuir, 7, 2438-2442, 1991.
6. G. Reiter, S. Hüttenbach, M.D. Foster, M. Stamm, “Time Regimes in Polymer Inter-diffusion Determined by Marker Moverment,” Macromolecules, 24 (5), 1179-84, 1991. doi: 10.1021/ma00005a032
5. G. Reiter, S. Hüttenbach, M.D. Foster, M. Stamm, “X-ray and Neutron Reflectometry for the Investigation of Polymer Diffusion,” Fresenius J. Anal. Chem., 341, 284-288, 1991.
4. M.D. Foster, M. Stamm, G. Reiter, S. Hüttenbach, “X-ray Reflectometer for Study of Polymer Thin Films and Interfaces,” Vacuum, 41, 1441-1444, 1990.
3. M.D. Foster, K.F. Jensen, “SAXS Investigation of Model Carbon Pore Structure and its Change with Gasification,” Carbon, 29, 271-282, 1991.
2. M.D. Foster, K.F. Jensen, “Interpreting Scattering from Random Porous Solids: A Model of Fully Penetrable Spherical Voids,” J. Coll. Int. Sci., 135, 132-146, 1990.
1. M.D. Foster, K.F. Jensen, “Small Angle X-ray Scattering Investigations of Pore Structure Changes During Coal Gasification,” FUEL, 69, 88-96, 1990.