Charles Goodyear (1800-1860) Charles Goodyear is best known for a single patent, US 3633, Improvements in India-Rubber Fabrics Vulcanization of Rubber .  The story of Goodyear and his 1839 discovery of vulcanization, a method to increase the strength and resiliency of rubber, has been told in several well researched accounts. What has not been accomplished is a compilation of the complete patents of Goodyear. Although many books and articles discuss the patents of Charles Goodyear, up to this point there was no single comprehensive and accurate list of his patents including all the information needed to retrieve the original documents from the issuing patenting organizations.   Librarians of the Rubber Division, ACS and the University of Akron, using both print and online resources were able to compile a complete list of Goodyear’s patents issued in the 19th Century.

 
Origin Patent Number Issue Date Title/Description Patent File Extra Details
Austria 101 Aug 04, 1852 Improvement in the production of rubber shoes and boots. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 141 Jan 07, 1855 Improvements of the making of boots and shoes made of rubber from August 4, 1852: Rubber Boots and shoes are now elastically padded and contain air pockets to increase the comfortableness of walking, ventilation of feet, and an increased durability of the soles. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 100 Mar 25, 1853 Improvement in the use of the rubber and gutta-percha, isolated or combined with other substances, for production of all types of more or less hard, flexible and elastic objects. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 126 Apr 15, 1854 Invention and improvement of rubber and similar rubber materials including gutta-percha by using mechanical and chemical processes to clean the rubber and similar materials more safely and more completely than previously. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 157 Jan 07, 1855 Improvement of the improvements made on August 4, 1852: Improvements in the production of boots and shoes made out of rubber. PDF Aditional Info

There are six types of materials found in the Bierce Library Curriculum Center:

  1. Sample school textbooks (for most subjects and grade levels)
  2. juvenile biographies
  3. children`s picture books
  4. young adult literature books
  5. children`s and young adult non-fiction books
  6. teaching games

School Textbooks

The school textbooks are located in two places.

Newly received textbooks are labeled starting with the Dewey number reflecting their subject (e.g., 510 for Mathematics). They can be found in the non-fiction section (the three stacks farthest from the tables), where all books are arranged by the Dewey number for the subject.

Most of the older textbooks are found in the stacks closest to the Curriculum Center tables. These books are labeled with:

  1. a Dewey decimal number for the broad grade
  2. a second number for the subject
  3. and a grade designation
  4. Example:
    372.24 (Elementary) (Secondary books begin with 373.07)
    5105 (Mathematics)
    H324 (the Publisher)
    2T (2nd grade; Teachers edition)

Juvenile Biographies

These are all labeled beginning with a "jB " for Juvenile Biography, followed by letters and numbers (e.g., jB W236), or they are labeled with "Biography ," followed by letters and numbers. This is our way of arranging the biographies alphabetically by the name of the person the book is about.

Children`s Picture Books

These are found in two places. First, the older picture books are all labeled beginning "jE " for Juvenile Easy. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer children`s picture books are labeled "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction Si 324 Pre-K-Grade 2.

For now, the older "jE` books are filed in their own section, and the newer picture books labeled "Fiction" are shelved by author with the Young Adult fiction (see next).

Young Adult (YA) Fiction

These are found in two places. First, the older YA fiction books are all labeled beginning "jF " for Juvenile Fiction. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer YA fiction is simply labeled beginning with "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction G 274 Grades 9-12.

Both the books labeled "jF" and those labeled "Fiction" are shelved together by author.

Children`s and Young Adult Nonfiction

Nonfiction books are about persons, places, and things. These all begin with Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to the book`s subject. Example: 510 H26 Grades 4-6 For this book, 510 is Mathematics. H26 is the publisher. Grades 4-6 are the target grades.

This nonfiction section, located in the last 3 book stacks furthest from the Curriculum Center tables, is now also the location for new textbooks . They, too, are labeled with a number for their subject (e.g., 510 for mathematics). These new textbooks are filed in with the nonfiction books.

So, nonfiction and textbooks on the same topic will be found together on the shelves, making for easy one-stop shopping on your topic of interest.

Teaching Games

Teaching games are located on the wall shelving in the Curriculum Center. They are arranged by Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to their subject. We have about 12 subject categories for games. These are the obvious big subject areas, such as reading, mathematics, science, language arts, social studies, etc.