Charles Goodyear (1800-1860) Charles Goodyear is best known for a single patent, US 3633, Improvements in India-Rubber Fabrics Vulcanization of Rubber .  The story of Goodyear and his 1839 discovery of vulcanization, a method to increase the strength and resiliency of rubber, has been told in several well researched accounts. What has not been accomplished is a compilation of the complete patents of Goodyear. Although many books and articles discuss the patents of Charles Goodyear, up to this point there was no single comprehensive and accurate list of his patents including all the information needed to retrieve the original documents from the issuing patenting organizations.   Librarians of the Rubber Division, ACS and the University of Akron, using both print and online resources were able to compile a complete list of Goodyear’s patents issued in the 19th Century.

Origin Patent Number Issue Date Title/Description Patent File Extra Details
Austria 101 Aug 04, 1852 Improvement in the production of rubber shoes and boots. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 141 Jan 07, 1855 Improvements of the making of boots and shoes made of rubber from August 4, 1852: Rubber Boots and shoes are now elastically padded and contain air pockets to increase the comfortableness of walking, ventilation of feet, and an increased durability of the soles. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 100 Mar 25, 1853 Improvement in the use of the rubber and gutta-percha, isolated or combined with other substances, for production of all types of more or less hard, flexible and elastic objects. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 126 Apr 15, 1854 Invention and improvement of rubber and similar rubber materials including gutta-percha by using mechanical and chemical processes to clean the rubber and similar materials more safely and more completely than previously. PDF Aditional Info
Austria 157 Jan 07, 1855 Improvement of the improvements made on August 4, 1852: Improvements in the production of boots and shoes made out of rubber. PDF Aditional Info

There are six types of materials found in the Bierce Library Curriculum Center:

  1. Sample school textbooks (for most subjects and grade levels)
  2. juvenile biographies
  3. children`s picture books
  4. young adult literature books
  5. children`s and young adult non-fiction books
  6. teaching games

School Textbooks

The school textbooks are located in two places.

Newly received textbooks are labeled starting with the Dewey number reflecting their subject (e.g., 510 for Mathematics). They can be found in the non-fiction section (the three stacks farthest from the tables), where all books are arranged by the Dewey number for the subject.

Most of the older textbooks are found in the stacks closest to the Curriculum Center tables. These books are labeled with:

  1. a Dewey decimal number for the broad grade
  2. a second number for the subject
  3. and a grade designation
  4. Example:
    372.24 (Elementary) (Secondary books begin with 373.07)
    5105 (Mathematics)
    H324 (the Publisher)
    2T (2nd grade; Teachers edition)

Juvenile Biographies

These are all labeled beginning with a "jB " for Juvenile Biography, followed by letters and numbers (e.g., jB W236), or they are labeled with "Biography ," followed by letters and numbers. This is our way of arranging the biographies alphabetically by the name of the person the book is about.

Children`s Picture Books

These are found in two places. First, the older picture books are all labeled beginning "jE " for Juvenile Easy. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer children`s picture books are labeled "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction Si 324 Pre-K-Grade 2.

For now, the older "jE` books are filed in their own section, and the newer picture books labeled "Fiction" are shelved by author with the Young Adult fiction (see next).

Young Adult (YA) Fiction

These are found in two places. First, the older YA fiction books are all labeled beginning "jF " for Juvenile Fiction. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer YA fiction is simply labeled beginning with "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction G 274 Grades 9-12.

Both the books labeled "jF" and those labeled "Fiction" are shelved together by author.

Children`s and Young Adult Nonfiction

Nonfiction books are about persons, places, and things. These all begin with Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to the book`s subject. Example: 510 H26 Grades 4-6 For this book, 510 is Mathematics. H26 is the publisher. Grades 4-6 are the target grades.

This nonfiction section, located in the last 3 book stacks furthest from the Curriculum Center tables, is now also the location for new textbooks . They, too, are labeled with a number for their subject (e.g., 510 for mathematics). These new textbooks are filed in with the nonfiction books.

So, nonfiction and textbooks on the same topic will be found together on the shelves, making for easy one-stop shopping on your topic of interest.

Teaching Games

Teaching games are located on the wall shelving in the Curriculum Center. They are arranged by Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to their subject. We have about 12 subject categories for games. These are the obvious big subject areas, such as reading, mathematics, science, language arts, social studies, etc.

General Information

The Map Room is located in the northwest corner of the second floor of Bierce Library (Room 275). The map collection consists of sheet maps, atlases, and globes. The room also contains large work tables and a tracing table.

The map collection is considered to be reference material, and like other reference material, doesn`t circulate outside of the library.

Map Room Card Catalog

A card catalog is maintained in the Map Room for most materials in the collection. Cards are arranged by subject and geographical area. Colored cards in the catalog correspond to the colors of the labels on map cases.

Atlases and maps classified according to the Library of Congress classification system can be found by using the online catalog (UA Libraries Catalog (ZipLINK)) as well as the Map Room catalog. Most maps and atlases received and processed after June 1992, will be listed on the online catalog only.


The Library of Congress Classified Map Collection

Comprised principally of the U.S. and Ohio topographic maps. U.S. topographic maps are arranged by call number (G 3701s .C1 1957 .U61), then by series designation (NH, NI, NJ, etc.). Ohio topographic maps are also arranged by call number (G 4080s 24 .U6), then alphabetically by quadrangle name. In the first drawer of each series is an index map of the area covered. All classified maps are filed in map cases with orange labels.

Unclassified Maps

Out-of-state topographic maps, geologic maps, and thematic (special purpose) maps. They are filed in map cases with green labels. The maps in the drawers are arranged alphabetically; first by continent, then by states of the U. S. Finer subdivisions are made for Ohio maps and large maps series. These maps can be found through the Map Room catalog and the online catalog UA Libraries Catalog (ZipLINK).

United States Geological Survey Maps

Housed in the beige file cabinets. They include geologic, hydrologic, mineral and oil investigations maps. They are arranged alphabetically by series designation (A, GP, GQ, HA, I, MF, MR, OC, OM). Within each series, maps are arranged in numerical order (GQ-1, GQ-2, GQ-3, etc.). These map series are indexed in Publications of the Geological Survey 1879-1961 and supplements. Maps listed in the indexes are marked + if they are in the collection, however recent maps from 6/92- are listed on UA Libraries Catalog (ZipLINK) only. The first cabinet drawer contains all U.S. Geological Survey map indexes.

State Geological Survey Maps

Housed in the beige cabinets (around the corner from the U.S. Geological Survey maps). They are arranged in alphabetical order by state; then in numerical order by map series. Publication lists for individual states are found in the first drawer.

Road Maps

Road maps for the United States and foreign countries are filed in numbered pamphlet boxes on top of the U.S. Geological Survey map cabinets. They are arranged alphabetically by the states of the U.S., followed by the continents.

Historic Urban Maps

Arranged alphabetically by city in the last seven drawers of the map cases.


All atlases are classified with Library of Congress call numbers, are all listed on UA Libraries Catalog (ZipLINK) by author, title, call number and subject, and circulate for a five-day loan period with no renewals. They are shelved around the perimeter of the Map Room.

Supporting Material: First Street

First Street is an integrated desktop mapping package (or GIS, geographic information system). The software consists of U.S. Census data, U.S. Boundary Files (TIGER), and the mapping software, ARCVIEW 2.0 and 3.0a. First Street provides powerful visual and analytical tools to help answer questions. Census data can be shown visually as thematic maps, graphs, or charts. The library maintains a stand-alone PC workstation for First Street . Contact x7224 for additional information.

For Assistance

For questions or help with the map collection, ask at the First Floor Reference Desk or call x8230.