Charles Goodyear (1800-1860) Charles Goodyear is best known for a single patent, US 3633, Improvements in India-Rubber Fabrics Vulcanization of Rubber .  The story of Goodyear and his 1839 discovery of vulcanization, a method to increase the strength and resiliency of rubber, has been told in several well researched accounts. What has not been accomplished is a compilation of the complete patents of Goodyear. Although many books and articles discuss the patents of Charles Goodyear, up to this point there was no single comprehensive and accurate list of his patents including all the information needed to retrieve the original documents from the issuing patenting organizations.   Librarians of the Rubber Division, ACS and the University of Akron, using both print and online resources were able to compile a complete list of Goodyear’s patents issued in the 19th Century.

 
Origin Patent Number Issue Date Title/Description Patent File Extra Details
Netherlands 2993 Jul 31, 1859 Apparatus, by steam, driven, seeking vulcanization or hardening of caoutcouc, gutta precha and other substances PDF Aditional Info
United States 240 Jun 17, 1837 Improvement in the process of divesting caoutchouc, gum elastic, or india-rubber of its adhesive properties, and also bleaching the same, and thereby adapting it to various useful purposes PDF Aditional Info
United States 8731x Mar 30, 1835 Air Pumps Aditional Info
United States N/A Aug 11, 1832 Spoon manufacturing grant Aditional Info
United States N/A Feb 05, 1834 A molasses gate (a type of faucet) Aditional Info

There are six types of materials found in the Bierce Library Curriculum Center:

  1. Sample school textbooks (for most subjects and grade levels)
  2. juvenile biographies
  3. children`s picture books
  4. young adult literature books
  5. children`s and young adult non-fiction books
  6. teaching games

School Textbooks

The school textbooks are located in two places.

Newly received textbooks are labeled starting with the Dewey number reflecting their subject (e.g., 510 for Mathematics). They can be found in the non-fiction section (the three stacks farthest from the tables), where all books are arranged by the Dewey number for the subject.

Most of the older textbooks are found in the stacks closest to the Curriculum Center tables. These books are labeled with:

  1. a Dewey decimal number for the broad grade
  2. a second number for the subject
  3. and a grade designation
  4. Example:
    372.24 (Elementary) (Secondary books begin with 373.07)
    5105 (Mathematics)
    H324 (the Publisher)
    2T (2nd grade; Teachers edition)

Juvenile Biographies

These are all labeled beginning with a "jB " for Juvenile Biography, followed by letters and numbers (e.g., jB W236), or they are labeled with "Biography ," followed by letters and numbers. This is our way of arranging the biographies alphabetically by the name of the person the book is about.

Children`s Picture Books

These are found in two places. First, the older picture books are all labeled beginning "jE " for Juvenile Easy. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer children`s picture books are labeled "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction Si 324 Pre-K-Grade 2.

For now, the older "jE` books are filed in their own section, and the newer picture books labeled "Fiction" are shelved by author with the Young Adult fiction (see next).

Young Adult (YA) Fiction

These are found in two places. First, the older YA fiction books are all labeled beginning "jF " for Juvenile Fiction. This is followed by letters and numbers, which is our way of arranging them alphabetically by author.

Newer YA fiction is simply labeled beginning with "Fiction" and followed by a letter for the author`s last name, followed by numbers. This is our way of arranging them by author. A target grade level is noted. Example: Fiction G 274 Grades 9-12.

Both the books labeled "jF" and those labeled "Fiction" are shelved together by author.

Children`s and Young Adult Nonfiction

Nonfiction books are about persons, places, and things. These all begin with Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to the book`s subject. Example: 510 H26 Grades 4-6 For this book, 510 is Mathematics. H26 is the publisher. Grades 4-6 are the target grades.

This nonfiction section, located in the last 3 book stacks furthest from the Curriculum Center tables, is now also the location for new textbooks . They, too, are labeled with a number for their subject (e.g., 510 for mathematics). These new textbooks are filed in with the nonfiction books.

So, nonfiction and textbooks on the same topic will be found together on the shelves, making for easy one-stop shopping on your topic of interest.

Teaching Games

Teaching games are located on the wall shelving in the Curriculum Center. They are arranged by Dewey decimal numbers that correspond to their subject. We have about 12 subject categories for games. These are the obvious big subject areas, such as reading, mathematics, science, language arts, social studies, etc.