Archival Services

Bombardment Group Detail


391st Bombardment Group


BACKGROUND

391st Bombardment Group

Constituted as 391st Bombardment Group (Medium) on 15 Jan. 1943 and activated on 21 Jan. Trained with B-26's for duty in Europe with Ninth AF. Moved to England, Jan.-Feb. 1944. Entered combat on 15 Feb. 1944 and during the ensuing weeks bombed targets such as airfields, marshalling yards, bridges, and V-weapon sites in France and the Low Countries to help prepare for the invasion of Normandy. Attacked enemy defense along the invasion beaches on 6 and 7 June 1944. From June to Sept., continued cross-Channel operations, which included attacks on fuel dumps and troop concentrations in support of Allied forces during the breakthrough at St. Lo in July 1944, and strikes on transportation and communications to block the enemy's retreat to the east. Began flying missions from bases on the Continent in Sept. 1944, extending its area of operations into Germany and continuing its attacks against enemy railroads, highways, troops, bridges, ammunition dumps, and other targets. Contributed vital assistance to ground forces during the Battle of the Bulge by attacking heavily defended positions such as bridges and viaducts, 23-26 Dec. 1944; for these missions, performed without fighter escort in the face of intense flak and overwhelming attacks by enemy aircraft, the group was awarded a DUC.

From Jan. to May 1945, and using A-26's beginning in April, the group concentrated its attacks on the German transportation and communications system. Flew its last mission on 3 May. Redesignated 391st Bombardment Group (Light) in July. Returned to the US in Oct. Inactivated on 25 Oct. 1945. Redesignated 11th Bombardment Group (Light). Allotted to ANG (Pa) on 24 May 1946. Extended federal recognition on 20 Dec. 1948. Redesignated 111th Composite Group in Nov. 1950, and 111th Bombardment Group (Light) in Feb. 1951. Ordered to active service on 1 April 1951. Assigned to Strategic Air Command. Trained with B-26 and B-29 aircraft. Redesignated 111th Strategic Reconnaissance Group (Medium) in Aug. 1951. Converted to RB-29's. Inactivated on 16 June 1952. Returned to ANG (Pa), redesignated 111th Fighter Bomber Group, and activated, on 1 Jan. 1953.



SQUADRONS/AIRCRAFT

  • 103rd: 1951-1952
  • 117th: 1951
  • 122nd: 1951
  • 129th: 1951-1952
  • 130th: 1951-1952
  • 572nd: 1943-1945
  • 573rd: 1943-1945
  • 574th: 1943-1945
  • 575th: 1943-1945

STATIONS

  • MacDill Field, Fla., 21 Jan. 1943
  • Myrtle Beach Bombing Range, SC, 24 May 1943
  • Godman Field, KY, 4 Sept.-31 Dec. 1943
  • Matching, England, 25 Jan. 1944
  • Roye/Amy, France, 19 Sept. 1944
  • Assche, Belgium, 16 April 1945
  • Vitry-en-Artois, France, 27 May-27 July 1945
  • Camp Shanks, NY, Oct.- 25 Oct. 1945
  • Philadelphia Intl. Airport, Pa., 1 April 1951
  • Fairchild AFB, Washington, 10 April 1951-16 June 1952

COMMANDERS

  • Col. Gerald E. Williams, 23 Jan. 1943-1945
  • Col. Joseph B. McManus, 1 April 1951
  • Col. Edward D. Edwards, 24 June 1951
  • Col. S. E. Manzo, 8 Nov. 1951-16 June 1952

CAMPAIGNS

  • Air Offensive, Europe
    • Normandy
    • Northern France
    • Rhineland
    • Ardennes-Alsace
    • Central Europe

DECORATIONS

  • Distinguished Unit Citation: Germany, 23-26 Dec. 1944

EMBLEM/INSIGNE

  • Shield: Per bend or and azure, a bend counter company sable and argent between in chief a Pegasus of the second and in base a cluster of three feathers of the first surmounted by a mullet of the fourth and third
  • Motto: VIRTUTE ALISQUE--With Wings and Courage. (Approved 11 Jan. 1954).

ASSIGNMENTS

  • N/A

OPERATIONS

  • N/A

SERVICE STREAMERS

  • N/A

Archival Services

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