Created by filling a polymer pouch the size of a quarter with insulin-producing cells, Joseph Kennedy’s artificial pancreas could be implanted anywhere in the human body as a long-term cure for diabetes. The device recently underwent successful animal tests at NEOMED and the Cleveland Clinic.
Wiley Youngs’ new drug can be administered by inhaler to treat serious illnesses. The silver-based medicine effectively cured lung infections in an animal study and outperformed the platinum-based drug used to treat Lance Armstrong’s cancer in head-to-head testing.
Nanofiber wound healing bandages
Under the leadership of internationally renowned electrospinning expert Darrell Reneker and award winning chemistry researcher Daniel Smith, UA labs are pioneering technology to treat slow healing wounds prevalent among diabetics. Their nylon nanofiber bandages slowly release nitric oxide to combat disease and infection and speed up healing.
Drug eluting polymers
Joseph Kennedy’s polymer coating slowly releases medicine to prevent scar tissue from forming over the stents that support arteries following heart surgery. The coating has been used in more than one million surgeries as part of Boston Scientific’s TAXUS Express2 Coronary Stent System and is now being considered for other medical applications.
Polymeric drug delivery
Biodegradable polymer capsules time release medication ranging from common painkillers to complex proteins. An interdisciplinary team of business and biomedical engineering students plans to tailor the technology to release drugs that prevent post-atrial fibrillation (PAF), a condition affecting about 450,000 open-heart surgery patients annually.
Fast Fourier Transform
Although many personal computers have four processors, Fast Fourier Transform, the complex mathematical equation computers use to process sound and images, is calculated on just one processor. Dale Mugler’s new mathematical formula dramatically increases a computer’s operating speed by allowing multiple processors to contribute to the calculation. This improvement could be especially important for MRI and CT imaging, as well as X-ray crystallography.
Known more formally as a miniaturized sensing system for the detection of heart failure, Fred Choy’s microchip maps and analyzes sounds to detect early signs of heart failure. The device identifies two sounds present only in heartbeats patients experiencing cardiac distress.