Compounding for Performance - 2 Day Course

Course Number: AP3218
Time: 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM
Location: Akron Polymer Training Center, Akron, OH 44325-5404
Cost: $1,080 USD
SAVE $100 by taking with "Solving Problems in Rubber Compounding and Processing" OR "Understanding the Global Raw Material Suppy Chain to the Rubber Industry".
SAVE $200 by taking with "Solving Problems in Rubber Compounding and Processing" AND "Understanding the Global Raw Material Supply Chain to the Rubber Industry".
CEU's: 1.5
Instructor: John Dick

Course Overview

This two-day course is for both entry-level and seasoned rubber technologists. It will provide an intensive overview of rubber compounding for product performance and is based on the book, Rubber Technology and Testing for Performance (Hanser Publications). The textbook is included in the price of the course. The class is geared towards rubber compounders, rubber chemists, process engineers, product engineers, laboratory managers, R&D scientists, technical service representatives and material suppliers.  Participants will have the opportunity to gain practical advice for their unique processing problems. 

Take this course with "Solving Problems in Rubber Compounding and Processing" and/or with "Understanding the Global Raw Material Supply Chain to the Rubber Industry" for registration savings.

Course textbook:

Rubber Technology



Rubber Technology: Compounding and Testing for Performance

Edited by John Dick

Course Outline


  • Structure of the rubber industry
  • Product markets
  • Chronology of rubber technology developments
  • Basics of formulating
  • Example recipes
  • Types of poymerization processes
  • Vulcanization
  • Manufacturing processes
  • Key processability characteristics
  • Common factory problems and possible causes rubber testing
  • Five categories of processability tests
  • Miniature internal mixers and extruders
  • Rotational viscometers
  • Mooney viscosity
  • Important test conditions for mooney
  • Mooney scorch test
  • Capillary rheometers
  • Shear thinning
  • Die swell
  • Oscillating rheometers
  • Oscillating disc rheometer (ODR)
  • Disadvantages of ODR rotor
  • Rotorless curemeter
  • MDR die design
  • Assignable causes of variation
  • Rubber process analyzer
  • ASTM standard test conditions
  • Four test functions
  • Rheological profiles of raw Rubber
  • Rheology and state of mix
  • Advanced cure profiles
  • Aftercure dynamic properties
  • Stress relaxtion tests
  • Four types of SR testers
  • Mooney stress relaxation test
  • RPA stress relaxation test general purpose elastomers
  • Different polymer backbones
  • Molecular weight distribution differences
  • Crystallinity and morphology
  • Crystallinity on stretching

Natural Rubber Overview

  • Advantages and disadvantages of NR
  • Uses of NR
  • Extrusion conditions for NR
  • Effects on die swell
  • MWD effects
  • Effects on die swell from changes in NR/BR blends

SBR Overview

  • Chemical structure
  • Three types of SBR
  • Advantages and disadvantages of SBR
  • Uses for SBR
  • Processing conditions for SBR

Polybutadiene Overview

  • Chemical structure of BR
  • Advantages and disadvantages of BR
  • Other types of BR
  • Uses for BR
  • Processing conditions for BR

EPDM Overview

  • Chemical composition differences
  • Advantages and disadvantages of EPDM
  • Uses for EPDM
  • Optimal extrusion conditions for EPDM
  • Common cure systems for EPDM
  • Typical EPDM production recipes
  • Effects of EPDM grades on compound properties
  • EPDM and sponge formulations

Overview of Nitrile Rubber

  • Chemical structure of NBR
  • Advantages and disadvantages of NBR
  • Uses for NBR
  • Optimal conditions to extrude NBR compounds
  • NBR structure effects on extrusion

HNBR Overview

  • HNBR advantages and disadvantages
  • NBR / PVC discussion

Butyl Rubber Overview

  • Butyl Rubber structure
  • Advantages and disadvantages of Butyl Rubber
  • Processing characteristics of Butyl Rubber

Overview of Halobutyl Rubber

  • Advantages and disadvantages of HIIR

Polychloroprene Overview

  • Different types of CR
  • Advantages and disadvantages of CR
  • Uses for CR
  • Optimal CR processing conditions
  • Viscosity guidelines for CR compounds

Epichlorohydrin Overview

  • Advantages and disadvantages

CSM Overview

  • Advantages and disadvantages of CSM
  • Compounding notes for CSM
  • Avoiding zinc with CSM and CPE

Fluoroelastomer Overview

  • Compounding notes for FKM

Silicone Rubber Overview

  • Advantages and disadvantages of silicone rubber
  • Processing silicone rubber
  • Curing silicone rubber with peroxide
  • Advantages of platinum cures

Polysulfide Overview

Polyurethane Rubber Overview

Thermoplastic Elastomers

  • Advantages of TPEs vs. traditional elastomers
  • Disadvantages of TPEs vs. traditional elastomers
  • Styrene block polymers (SBS)
  • Thermoplastic olefins (TPO)

Thermoplastic Polyurethanes

  • Copolyesters (Hydrel)
  • Thermoplastic vulcanizates
  • Differences in shear thinning profiles
  • Extrusion conditions for TPEs

Filler and Oil Systems

  • Overview of fillers
  • Particle size and shape

Carbon Black Overview

  • Common carbon black tests
  • ASTM D1765 classification
  • ASTM grades of carbon black
  • Particle size
  • Structure
  • Surface activity
  • DBP absorption
  • Effects of carbon black properties on processing
  • Effects of carbon black properties on cured rubber properties

Oil and Plasticizer Overview

  • Different types of softeners
  • Determining factors for oil loadings
  • Softening effects on compound
  • The chemical structure of "oil"
  • ASTM classification of rubber process oil
  • Analytical methods for classifying oil

Overview of Synthetic Plasticizers

  • Plasticizer performance
  • Carbon black - oil balance and effects on rubber properties processing aids

Overview of Silica

  • Types of silica
  • Advantages and disadvantages of silica

Overview of Clay

  • Types of clay
  • Advantages and disadvantages of clay

Overview of Calcium Carbonate

  • Comparison of different grades of calcium carbonate

Titanium Dioxide Overview

  • Advantage and disadvantages of titanium dioxide


Course Registration

General Course Registration:
Download a Printable Registration Form [PDF].

Registration Information:
Registration for a class is due three weeks prior to the scheduled class date.

All registrations must be guaranteed by check, a purchase order number or a credit card, otherwise the registration will not be processed. Checks should be made payable to "The Akron Polymer Training Center" and must include a copy of your completed registration form. COURSE FEES ARE DUE PRIOR TO ATTENDING.

All registrations whether by phone, fax or mail will be confirmed and considered binding and subject to all cancellation policies. If you do not receive a confirmation prior to the class, please call The Akron Polymer Training Center to verify your registration.

Course fee includes classroom instruction, instructional materials, parking permits, continental breakfast, lunch, beverages, and refreshment breaks. Travel and hotel accommodations are not included.


Visit our registration webpage to view our cancellation/withdrawal policies.

The University of Akron

Akron, OH 44325
Phone: 330-972-7111
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