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Bombardment Group Detail


17th Bombardment Group


BACKGROUND

17th Bombardment Group

Authorized as 17th Observation Group on 18 October 1927. Redesignated 17th Pursuit Group in 1929. Activated on 15 July 1931. Redesignated 17th Attack Group in 1935, and 17th Bombardment Group (Medium) in 1939. Trained and participated in maneuvers, using P-12 and P-26 (1931-1932), A-17 (1933-1939), and B-18 (1940-1941) aircraft. Used B-25's for patrol duty on the west coast after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and later patrolled the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic coast. Converted to B- 26's in the summer of 1942.

Moved to North Africa late in 1942 and began operations on 30 December. Served in combat in the Mediterranean theater until the end of the war, being assigned first to the Twelfth AF, then to Fifteenth (Nov. 1943), and again to Twelfth (Jan. 1944). Flew interdictory and close-support missions, bombing bridges, rail lines, marshalling yards, harbors, shipping, gun emplacements, troop concentrations, and other targets. Helped to bring about the defeat of Axis forces in North Africa in May 1943; assisted in the reduction of Pantelleria and Lampedusa in June 1943; participated in the invasions of Sicily in July and of Italy in September 1943; and took part in the drive toward Rome, receiving a DUC for a bombing attack on airdromes at Rome on 13 Jan. 1944. Also received the French Croix de Guerre with Palm for operations in Italy, April-June 1944. Took part in the invasion of Southern France in Aug. 1944, and continued bombardment operations in northern Italy, France, and later in Germany. Received second DUC for bombing attacks on enemy defenses near Schweinfurt on 10 April 1945. Assisted in the disarmament of Germany after V-E Day. Returned to the US in Nov. Inactivated on 26 Nov. 1945.

Redesignated 17th Bombardment Group (Light). Activated on 19 May 1947. Apparently did not become operative. Inactivated on 10 Sept. 1948.

Activated in Korea on 10 May 1952. Assigned to Far East Air Forces and equipped with B-26's for service in the Korean War. Engaged in interdiction and provided close support for UN ground forces until the armistice in July 1953. Moved to Japan in Oct. 1954; returned to the US, March-April 1955. Assigned to Tactical Air Command and equipped with B-57 aircraft. Redesignated 17th Bombardment Group (Tactical) in Oct. 1955.



SQUADRONS/AIRCRAFT

  • 34th: 1931-1945; 1947-1948; 1952-
  • 37th: 1931-1945; 1947-1948; 1952-
  • 73rd: 1947-1948; 1952-
  • 95th: 1931-1945; 1947-1948; 1952-
  • 432d: 1942-1945

STATIONS

  • March Field, California, 15 July 1931
  • McChord Field, Wash, 24 June 1940
  • Pendleton, Ore, 29 Jule 1941
  • Lexington County Aprt, SC, 9 Feb. 1942
  • Barksdale Field, La, 23, June-Nov. 1942
  • Telergma, Algeria, Dec. 1942
  • Sedrata, Algeria, c, 10 May 1943
  • Djedeida, Tunisia, 23 June 1943
  • Sardinia, Nov. 1943
  • Corsica, c. 14 Sept. 1944
  • Dijon, France, c. 20 Nov. 1944
  • Horshing, Austria, June 1945
  • Clastres, France, c. 3 Oct.-Nov. 1945
  • Langley Field, Va., 19 May 1947-10 May 1952
  • Miho, Japan, 10 Oct. 1954-16 March 1955
  • Eglin AF Aux Field No 9, April 1955-

COMMANDERS

  • Capt. Frank O'D Hunter, 1931-unknown
  • Lt. Col. Walter R. Peck March 1941
  • Lt. Col. William C. Mills, Feb. 1942
  • Lt. Col. Flint Garrison, 16 June 1942
  • Col. Curtis Sluman, 26 June 1942
  • Lt. Col. Karl E. Baumeister, 11 March 1943
  • Lt. Col. Charles R. Greening, 25 May 1943
  • Lt. Col. Robert A Zaiser, 18 July 1943
  • Col. Donald L. Gilbert, 14 Oct. 1943
  • Col. R O Harrell, 21 July 1944
  • Col. Wallace C. Barrett, 20 March 1945
  • Lt. Col. Stanford W. Gregory, 1 June 1945-unkown
  • Unknown, 1947-1948
  • Col. James D. Kemp, 10 May 1952
  • Col. William C. Lindley Jr., 11 July 1952
  • Col. Robert E. Keating, 14 Feb. 1953
  • Col. Gordon D. Timmons, 8 April 1953
  • Col. George D. Hughes, 1954

CAMPAIGNS

  • World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Combat, EAME Theater; Tunisia; Sicily; Naples-Foggia; Anzio; Rome-Arno; Southern France; North Apennines; Rhineland; Central Europe
  • Korean War: Korean Summer-Fall, 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korean Summer-Fall, 1953

DECORATIONS

  • Distinguished Unit Citations: Italy, 13 Jan. 1944; Schweinfurt, Germany, 10 April 1945; Korea, 1 Dec. 1952-30 April 1953
  • French Croix de Guerre with Palm: April, May, and June 1944
  • Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation: 24 May 1952-31 March 1953

EMBLEM/INSIGNE

  • Shield: Or, seven crosses pattee in pale sable
  • Crest: On a wreath of the colors (or and sable) a griffin rampant of the first, beaked, for-legged and winged of the second, and langued gules
  • MottoToujours Au Danger-Ever Into Danger. (Approved 19 Jan. 1934)

ASSIGNMENTS

  • N/A

OPERATIONS

  • N/A

SERVICE STREAMERS

  • N/A

Archival Services

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