Research Areas - What we do...


Environmental

Enviro1UA faculty and students conduct environmental research to understand and develop approaches to mitigate disturbances and contamination of land, water, and air.

Recent environmental research at UA includes the following:

  • roles of microbiological activities and hydrologic processes in formation of caves and iron ore deposits
  • determining mechanisms of and monitoring microbially influenced corrosion
  • impacts of dam removal on river environments
  • effects of changing human activities in watersheds on erosion and heavy metal pollution
  • paleoclimate change and its underlying forcing mechanisms
  • the formation, environmental impacts, and mitigation of coalmine-derived acid mine drainage
  • using geophysical approaches to characterize the shallow subsurface
  • microbial activities and metal transformations in flue gas “scrubbers” at coal-fired power plants

Environmental researchers include Drs. Linda Barrett, Shanon Donnelly, John Peck, Ira Sasowsky, John Senko, Jeremy Spencer, David SteerThomas Quick and James Thomka.


Surficial Processes

Surficial1In addition to formal course work (e.g., sedimentology, geomorphology, hydrology, geochemistry, engineering geology, soils, GIS, remote sensing, rivers seminar, climatology, coastal geology, caves seminar, exploration geophysics), UA faculty and students conduct research on variety of surficial processes. These studies characterize landforms (streams, lakes, beaches), the shallow subsurface (caves, groundwater), and Earth materials (water, soils, sediments) as well as quantify the natural and anthropogenic processes responsible for their formation and transformation.

Recent surficial processes research at UA include the following:

  • formation of caves and cave sediments to understand denudation rates
  • impacts of dam removal on river environments
  • effects of changing human activities in watersheds on erosion and heavy metal pollution
  • paleoclimate change and its underlying forcing mechanisms
  • risk of cold weather hazards on human populations
  • characterize soil profiles and locate archeological features using novel chemical techniques
  • groundwater flow in karst

Surface processes researchers include Drs.Linda BarrettJohn Peck, Ira Sasowsky, Jeremy Spencer, and James Thomka.


GIS

Drone1Geosciences faculty conduct research using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing on a variety of human-environment topics.  These research projects examine the spatial pattern of phenomena at the Earth's surface to better understand causal processes and environmental consequences across spatial scales.  Remote sensing data from very high resolution imagery collected with unmanned aerial vehicles, or drones, to regional and continental scale imagery acquired by satellites allow the quantification and examination of changes in the landscape. 

Recent GIS and remote sensing research at UA include the following:

  • Measuring and modeling the impacts from shale gas development
  • Historical land classification and land use
  • UAS for mapping and monitoring wetland invasive species
  • Comparing archival forest data to current forest composition and configuration
  • Use of LiDAR to characterize forest woodlots
  • Assessing the value of UAS as a tool for interviewing land managers

GIS researchers include Drs. Linda Barrett, Meera Chatterjee,  Shanon Donnelly and Jeremy Spencer.


Deep Earth Processes

Deep1UA students and faculty investigate the structures and processes operating in the deep Earth using remote geophysical techniques, field-based investigations of deformed rocks and by performing deformation experiments at high pressures and temperatures on Earth materials.  We use remote sensing techniques such as reflection seismology and electrical conductivity to determine the structures in the crust and mantle.  We also have a high-pressure/temperature rock deformation laboratory to perform experiments in order to determine how the atom-scale processes operating in minerals affect tectonic-scale processes.

Recent Deep Earth processes research at UA includes the following:

  • Structure of the crust and mantle beneath the Ural mountains.
  • Pressure sensitivity of magnesite strength and its impact on deep focus earthquake nucleation
  • Effect of foliation orientation on the strength of rocks
  • How water content affects the strength of quart single crystals
  • Mechanisms of strain localization in granitic rocks

Deep Earth processes researchers include Drs. Caleb Holyoke and David Steer.


Facilities - Where we do it...

Computer Labs

  • Research and teaching computer laboratories with approximately 30 multi-media computers with direct internet connections.
  • Petroleum geology and computer mapping software (Kingdom Software)
  • Access to GIS software (Arcinfo) through a university site license.
  • Digitizers, digital cameras, large format and slide scanners for image processing.
  • Large format color ink jet plotter for map production and poster presentations.

Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope

ESEM1Scanning Electron Microscopy is an integral part of many aspects of research in geology, biology, chemistry, engineering, physics and polymer sciences.  Our facility supports:

  • FEI Quanta 200 Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope and EDS attachment. 
    • image coated or uncoated specimens in their natural state 
    • allow the sample to be exposed to a range of pressures and temperatures 
    • obtain high quality images of uncoated, hydrated samples in a low-vacuum environment

This facility serves the entire UA community and surrounding northeastern Ohio. Questions about our ESEM and whether it will fulfill your imaging and analytical needs?  Contact Us

This lab was created with the support of NSF EAR Grant 0320898.

Rates

  • Internal user rate without technician-$35/hr
  • Internal user rate with technician-$50/hr
  • External user rate with technician- $150/hr

Field Equipment

  • Two passenger vans
  • A four wheel drive vehicle
  • Portable rock corer that collects rock samples up to 18 inches long and 1 inch in diameter.
  • Giddings soil probe that takes core samples of glacial deposits up to 40 feet long.
  • Flow meter that measures stream velocity
  • Dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity, ORP meters.

Geochemistry Equipment

  • Atomic absorption spectrometer (AA) that determines the concentration of metals in natural waters.
  • Ion chromatograph that determines the concentration of anions in natural waters.
  • Oxygen bomb calorimeter for coal analysis.

Geophysics Equipment

  • Gravimeter
  • Multichannel Resistivity meter
  • Portable 12-channel seismograph
  • Magnetometers
  • Ground Penetrating Radar
  • All are used for measuring the geophysical properties of surficial deposits and shallow features such as buried valleys.

Petrographic Equipment

  • Automated X-ray diffraction system that determines mineral phases in powdered samples.
  • Image analyzer
  • Cathodoluminoscope that aid in petrographic identification of mineral phases in thin section.
  • Zeiss AxioScope A1 petrographic microscope with Axiocam digital imaging system.
  • Rock saws and automated thin section equipment for the preparation and observation of rock, mineral and fossil specimens.

Rock Mechanics Equipment

  • Griggs-type piston cylinder rock deformation apparatus capable of pressures up to 2000 MPa and temperatures up to 1400oC.
  • Forney FX-300 concrete strength tester with Hoek-type pressure vessel capable of pressure up to 70 MPa and room temperature.  Strain can be measured via strain gauges or displacement gauges.
  • Milling machine, core saw, lathe, Buehler Isomet Low Speed and Isomet 1000 saws for coring and sample preparation.
  • Small hydraulic presses and other tools for assembly preparation.