PPE Track, BA Degree (390004BA)

(Philosophy, Political Science, Economics)

120 Total Credit Hours  


General Education Requirement – 42 credit hours
A series of courses, required of all undergraduate students at the University of Akron, aimed at developing the ability to understand and express ideas effectively and to comprehend the processes involved in accurate thinking.

Foreign Language Requirement - 14 credit hours
Completion of the second year of a foreign language at the university level.

PPE Requirement – 54 credit hours
The 54 PPE credits must include a minimum of 15 credits in each of the following three fields: Philosophy, Political Science, and Economics.  By field, the 15 credit requirement must include:

Philosophy - Required
3600:120 Introduction to Ethics * (a) 3 credits
3600:170 Introduction to Logic * (a) 3 credits
3600:421 OR 464 Philosophy of Law (d) OR Philosophy of Science (d) 3 credits
3600:300/400 300/400 Level Courses in Philosophy (a) 6 credits
Political Science - Required
3700:201 Introduction to Political Research (a) 3 credits
3700:303 Introduction to Political Thought (a) 3 credits
3700:300/400 300/400 Level Courses in Political Science (a) 9 credits
Economics - Required 
3250:244 Introduction to Economic Analysis * (a) 3 credits
3250:400** Intermediate Macroeconomics (c) 3 credits
3250:410** Intermediate Microeconomics (a) 3 credits
3250:300/400 300/400 Level Courses in Economics (a) 6 credits

*     Can be used toward General Education requirement.
**   Carries a prerequisite of College Algebra, 3450:145.

(a)   Course offered every semester.
(b)   Course offered every Fall semester.
(c)   Course offered every Spring semester.
(d)   Course offered every 3rd semester. 

The remaining 9 credits of electives (to complete the total minimum PPE requirement of 54 credits) can be taken in any one (or a combination) of the departments of Philosophy, Political Science, or Economics.

College of Arts & Sciences requirement – 120 total credit hours
Of the 120 total credits required to graduate, 40 must be earned at the 300/400 level.
These 40 upper level credits cannot include Workshop credits.


The Department of Philosophy has the lead advising role for the PPE program.
To schedule an appointment contact:
   Philosophy:  Dr. Christopher Buford, Philosophy Department Advisor, cb72@uakron.edu

For questions about courses offered by the other participating departments contact:
   Political Science:  Dr. Nancy Marion, Professor and Advisor, nmarion@uakron.edu
   Economics:  Dr. Michael Nelson, Department Chair, nelson2@uakron.edu



A capstone course at Oxford University is available to senior PPE students through Oxford's Department of Continuing Education as part of their International Summer School, "History, Politics & Society Summer School" program.  Students accepted into the program take two courses while at Oxford.  Each course counts for up to 2 UofA transient credits, for a total of up to 4 credits toward the PPE degree.  The student consults with the appropriate advisor to determine in advance which Oxford courses count towards Philosophy, Political Science, and/or Economics credits, and then the student submits a "Transient Permission Form" to the Arts & Sciences Dean's Office (CAS 4th floor) to receive approval to take the classes for transfer credit.  Click on this link for more information.


Our alumni have gotten jobs in the following careers, among others:
   Legislative Assistant-Appropriations for U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown
   Staff Director for George Voinovich in U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works
   Director for Energy Policy and Environmental Compliance Audit at a private company
   Private law practice after attending law school

Listed below are several popular themes of study within the PPE program and suggested electives.  Note, these are advisory only; you are not required to select a particular track to complete the PPE program.  The courses listed here may or may not be offered within the time frame you plan to complete your degree.  As always, consult with your academic advisor or faculty in participating departments in selecting your electives.

3250:405   Economics of the Public Sector
3250:430 Labor Market and Social Policy
3250:440 Special Topics:  Cost-Benefits Analysis
3250:440 Special Topics:  Political Economy
3600:327 Law and Morality
3600:329 Philosophies of International Law
3600:421 Philosophy of Law
3700:360 Judicial Process
3700:334 Law, Mediation, and Violence
3700:335 Law and Society
3700:361 Politics of the Criminal Justice System
3700:461 Supreme Court and Constitutional Law
3700:462 Supreme Court and Civil Liberties
NONPROFIT MANAGEMENT (Non-Governmental Organizations)
3250:385 Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment
3250:405 Economics of the Public Sector
3250:426 Health Economics
3250:460 Economics of Developing Countries
3600:361 Biomedical Ethics
3600:362 Business Ethics
3600:364 Computer Ethics
3600:365 Environmental Ethics
3700:370 Public Administration:  Concepts and Practices
3700:475 American Interest Groups
3700:380 Urban Politics and Policies
3250:230 Economics of Social Policy Issues
3250:405 Economics of the Public Sector
3250:430 Labor Market and Social Policy
3250:440 Special Topics:  Cost-Benefit Analysis
3600:324 Social and Political Philosophy
3600:355 Philosophy of Feminism
3600:421 Philosophy of Law
3700:100 Government and Politics in the U.S.
3700:341 American Congress
3700:350 American Presidency
3700:475 American Interest Groups
3700:476 American Political Parties
3250:423 Applied Game Theory
3250:333 Labor Economics
3700:334 Law, Mediation, and Violence
3700:335 Law and Society
3700:363 Crime, Punishment, and Politics