Robert L. Peralta, Ph.D.

Robert L. Peralta, Ph.D.

Title: Associate Professor, Graduate Program Director
Dept/Program: Sociology
Office: Olin Hall 260
Email: rp32@uakron.edu
Curriculum Vitae: Download in PDF format


Biography

Dr. Peralta is a tenured Associate Professor of Sociology. He is also the Internship Coordinator and the Sociology Club Advisor for the Department of Sociology.

He earned his BA in Psychology at the University of New Mexico and his MA and Ph.D. in Sociology at the University of Delaware.  Dr. Peralta went on to hold a Post-Doctoral Position at The University of Wisconsin, in the Department of Family Medicine and then served as a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Justice, Law, and Society Department at American University in Washington DC before coming to UA. 

The overarching aim of Dr. Peralta’s current research is to examine sources and correlates of substance use behavior, interpersonal violence, and other forms of health-risk and criminal behavior via both qualitative and quantitative methods using sociology of gender and feminist perspectives to frame his work.  Specifically, Dr. Peralta’s past and current work relies on testing criminological and sociological theories to better understand heavy episodic drinking behavior, prescription drug use, other forms of substance use-behavior, intimate partner violence and other forms of interpersonal violence.  To date, Dr. Peralta has published 24 peer reviewed articles that examine the influence of sociological phenomena such as gender identity (i.e., attitudes, beliefs, characteristics, and expectations of what it means to be male or female) stigma and racial discrimination on alcohol and other forms of drug use and instances of interpersonal violence. Survey data from college students on interpersonal violence, substance use and abuse, and measures of gender identity are the focus of his current research.

Dr. Peralta’s long term research goals include conducting gender-informed research to inform and enhance substance use prevention, treatment and interventions targeting at-risk adolescents and young adults.


Research Accomplishments

Sponsored Research Support

1) Robert L. Peralta, Juan Xi, Janette Dill, & Jennifer Stanley. University of Akron EX[L] Center Faculty-Driven Initiative Application for Research and Scholarship Funding: “The UASIS Restoration Project (The University of Akron Student Innovation Symposium).” Proposal: $5,600. Under Review.

2) Robert L. Peralta. Funded. 2018. National Institute on Drug Abuse (R. L. Peralta, Principal Investigator): “Sexual identity, sexual attraction and ethnicity as risk factors for drug use? A multi- level analyses of nationally representative data.” NIDA R25 parent grant (R25DA030310); Under subcontract with Michigan State University. Total Project Costs $23,000.

3) Robert l. Peralta. Funded. 2018. (PI: Peralta). “Perceptions and experiences of health care and interpersonal violence among female former inmates: A qualitative study.” Faculty Research Grant (FRG) # 1846: The University of Akron, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs $10,000 (Principal Investigator).

4)  Robert L. Peralta. Not funded. 2014. “Masculine Gender Socialization’s Role in Heavy Episodic Drinking, Physical Violence, and Risky Sexual Behavior among College Men and Women” Risk, Prevention, and Health Behavior IRG Special Emphasis Panel [ZRG1 RPHB-R (80) A], PA-13-313: Academic Research Enhancement Award (Parent R15), National Institutes of Health. (Principal Investigator).

5)  Robert L. Peralta. Funded. 2013-2014. National Institute on Drug Abuse (R. L. Peralta, Principal Investigator: “The Social Patterning of Alcohol/Other Drug Use, HIV, and Violence Risk: An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Gender.” NIDA R25 parent grant (R25DA030310_01A1); Under subcontract with Michigan State University. Total Award: $12,510.

6) Robert L. Peralta. Funded. 2010. “Unraveling the Embodied Meaning of Crime and Deviance Categorization: A Qualitative Study of Attributions Toward and Characterizations of Discredited Behavior and Identities.” Faculty Research Grant (FRG) # 1735: The University of Akron, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs $10,000 (Principal Investigator).

7) Robert L. Peralta. Funded. 2007. “Alcohol Use among College Youth: The Impact of Race and Gender” FRG #1667: The University of Akron, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs $8000 (Principal Investigator).

8) Robert L. Peralta. Funded. 2005. “Alcohol-Related Intimate Partner Violence within High Risk Populations: Implications for Health Disparity Research” FRG #1613: The University of Akron, Office of Research and Sponsored Programs $8000 (Principal Investigator).

Research Projects

His research team, composed of Ph.D. and MA graduate and undergraduate students, is currently working on projects which include heavy episodic drinking among college students and its association with masculine gender orientation, suicidal behavior and gender orientation, college student interpersonal violence and the role of masculinity, masculinity and alcohol-related weight control behavior (known in the media as ‘drunkorexia’), the impact of ethno-racial identity on substance use behavior and HIV risk behavior, and the nature and origin of stigma attribution toward marginalized communities. 

Current Research interests include:

  • health and health care during and after prison; former female inmate, health, and health care; health and health care in prisoner reentry
  • understanding gendered antecedents and correlates of violence and delinquency, substance use and abuse, health behavior;
  • studying the intersections of health, health behavior, crime perpetration and victimization
  • evidence based/data-informed public health and criminal justice application;
  • understanding and explaining gender and ethno-racial health disparities in sexual risk behavior, substance use, crime, and violence;
  • college student health and well-being
  • instrumentation and screening tool development

Dr. Peralta has been awarded four Faculty Research Grants from the University of Akron:  “Perceptions and experiences of health care and interpersonal violence among female former inmates: A qualitative study.”( Faculty Research Grant (FRG) # 1846); “Unraveling the Embodied Meaning of Crime and Deviance Categorization: A Qualitative Study of Attributions Toward and Characterizations of Discredited Behavior and Identities.”  (FRG) # 1735); “Alcohol Use among College Youth: The Impact of Race and Gender.” (FRG #1667); “Alcohol-Related Intimate Partner Violence within High Risk Populations: Implications for Health Disparity Research” (FRG #1613).

In 2012, he was selected to be a Fellow in the National Hispanic Science Network (NHSN) R25 Early Career Mentoring Program and has been the recipient of a number of research travel awards including a NHSN R25 Travel Award to Attend the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse meetings in San Diego and the College on Problems of Drug Dependence conference in Palm Springs, CA in 2012.   In 2005 he was inducted into the National Hispanic Science Network (NHSN) on Drug Abuse as a Research Scientist member of the NHSN.

Some of his publications appear at: Violence and Victims, Violence Against Women, The Journal of Health and Social Behavior; The Journal of Drug Issues; Sex Roles; The Journal of Men’s Studies; The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice; Contemporary Drug Problems, Substance Use and Misuse, Gender Issues, The Journal of Ethnicity and Substance Abuse, Sociology Compass, and Deviant Behavior.

Awards 

2016 Outstanding Leadership in Undergraduate Education Award presented by the Department of Sociology, The University of Akron 

2015 Nominee for the Faculty Mentor of the Year Award presented at The11th Annual UA Student Innovation Symposium (UASIS)

2014 NHSN R25 Travel Award to Attend the College on Problems of Drug Dependence conference.  San Juan, Puerto Rico

2014 NHSN R25 Travel Award to Attend the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse meetings in El Paso, TX 

2014 Outstanding Faculty Mentoring Award. Presented by Graduate Students of the Alpha Kappa Delta chapter, Department of Sociology, The University of Akron 

2013 NHSN R25 Travel Award to Attend the College on Problems of Drug Dependence conference.  San Diego, CA. June

2013 Associate Membership in the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD)

2013 Outstanding Faculty Mentoring Award. Presented by Graduate Students of the Alpha Kappa Delta chapter, Department of Sociology, The University of Akron

Publications

(*current or former graduate student)

1)  Robert L. Peralta, *Monica Merrill, *Lia Chervenak-Wiley, *Nicole Rosen and *Paige N. Bosich. “Unraveling the Meaning of Interpersonal Violence: A Study of Gender and Race Embodiment in Attribution and Characterization Processes.” (Accepted at Deviant Behavior; funded by The University of Akron, FRG 1735).

2)  James Carter*, Robert L. Peralta, and Juan Xi. “The Association between Ethnic Identity and Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among a Sample of College Students: Does a Sense of Ethnic Belonging Matter?” (Accepted at Substance Use and Misuse; (funded by NIDAR25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor).

3)  Robert L. Peralta and *Marcella Mulhollem, *Bree Stewart and *Courtney Blue. “The Association between Masculinity, Male Sex, And Heavy Episodic Drinking Among College Students.” 2017. Substance Use and Misuse 53 (6): 910-920. DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1385081. (funded by NIDAR25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor).

4)  *Jennifer L. Steele and Robert L. Peralta. “Are Polydrug users more Physically and Verbally Aggressive? An Assessment of Aggression Among Mono vs. Polydrug Users in a University Sample.” 2017. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. DOI: 10.1177/0886260517715024 (funded by NIDAR25 DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor).

5)  Florian Lebreton, Robert L. Peralta, Jacquelyn Allen-Collinson, *Lia Chervenak-Wiley and Guillaume Routier. “Sex, Gender, and Alcohol Use Behavior among French Sport Science Students: A Mixed Methods Approach to College Drinking in France.” 2017. Sex Roles 76 (3-4): 218-235. DOI.org/10.1007/s11199-016-0652-8

6)  Robert L. Peralta and *Peter Barr. “Gender orientation and alcohol-related weight control behavior among male and female college students.” 2017. Journal of American College Health 65 (4): 229-242. DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2016.1271802 (funded by NIDAR25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor)).

7)  *Racheal Pesta, Robert L. Peralta, and *Meghan Novisky. “Investigating Behavioral Responses to Psychological Victimization in Intimate Partner Relationships using a General Strain Framework: Are Responses Gendered?” 2016. Journal of Interpersonal Violence DOI: 10.1177%2F0886260516669165 (funded by NIDA R25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor)).

8) Robert L Peralta, *Bree Stewart, *Jennifer Steele, and Fernando Wagner. “Non- Medical Use of Prescription Drugs in Emerging Adulthood: Differentiating Sex from Gender” 2016. Addiction Research & Theory 24 (5): 389-397. DOI: 10.3109/16066359.2016.1140745 (funded by NIDA R25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor)).

9) *Jeannette Wade and Robert L Peralta. “Perceived Racial Discrimination, Heavy Episodic Drinking and Alcohol Abstinence among Black and White College Students” 2016. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse 16 (2): 165-180. DOI: 10.1080/15332640902897024 (funded by NIDA R25DA030310 (R. L. Peralta); K05DA015799 (J.C. Anthony, sponsor).


Education

Ph.D. 2002 Sociology, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
M.A. 1998 Sociology, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware.
B.A. 1996 Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico


Courses

3850 100 Introduction to Sociology 
3850 320 Social Inequalities (Lecture or WWW)
3850 330 Criminology (Lecture or WWW)
3850 360 Social Effects of Crime in Media (Lecture or WWW)
3850 433 Sociology of Deviant Behavior (Lecture)
3850 495 Field Internship (Field Experience)
3850 663 Deviance (Graduate Seminar)
3850 666 Sociology of Corrections (Graduate Seminar)
3850 753 Special Topic: Violence and Victims (Graduate Seminar)
3850 753 Special Topic: Social Organization: Race and Crime (Graduate Seminar)