Stacey Nofziger, Ph.D.

Stacey Nofziger, Ph.D.

Title: Associate Professor; Director of Undergraduate Studies in Sociology
Dept/Program: Sociology
Office: Olin Hall 264
Curriculum Vitae: Download in PDF format


Dr. Nofziger earned her PhD at the University of Arizona. Prior to joining the faculty at The University of Akron in 2003, she was an Assistant Professor at Kansas State University.

My research focuses on control theories in criminology with a primary focus on testing the claims made by Gottfredson and Hirschi in their General Theory of Crime. In my work I have tested every key component of self-control theory. I have demonstrated that self-control is generalizable to a wide range of behaviors, ranging from bingo playing and school violence to victimization. I forwarded a reinterpretation of the concept of relative stability and found that differences in deviant behavior between individuals with low and high self-control persist over the life course.  I found that opportunity to engage in crime is predicted by self-control and mediates the effects of self-control on behaviors. I have also provided evidence that parental self-control and parenting practices are fundamental in the development of self-control.

My second research area has been to examine how gender identity serves as a risk or protective factor for involvement in deviant behavior. I have emphasized the idea that masculine and feminine identities, rather than sex differences, serve as risk and protective factors for offending and can be used to explain this gap. My work has examined the role of social expectations associated with each sex, and the degree to which individuals internalize these as part of their gender identities. These internalized identities in turn lead to differential involvement in criminal behaviors.

I am currently working with colleagues in the Department of Sociology to better understand both the mental health of our students and to determine what career-ready skills students gain from our courses.

I always welcome the chance to include students in my work and encourage you to reach out with any questions.


* indicates co-author is a current or former graduate student
** indicates co-author is a current or former undergraduate student

Refereed Journal Articles

Nofziger, Stacey and Taylor Johnson**. 2020. Revisiting the Concept of Stability in the General Theory of Crime. Crime & Delinquency, 66(6–7), 739-769.

Nofziger, Stacey, Rachel E. Stein*, and Nicole L. Rosen*. 2019. “Comparing Children’s and Caseworker’s Reports of Physical Violence.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 34 (16): 3516-3541.

Rosen, Nicole L.*, and Stacey Nofziger. 2019. “Boys, Bullying, and Gender Roles: How Hegemonic Masculinity Shapes Bullying Behavior.” Gender Issues. 36: 295-318.

Nofziger, Stacey, Katherine Newton*. 2018. “Self-control, parental crime, and discipline across three generations.” Deviant Behavior. 39 (12): 1533-1551.

Nofziger, Stacey and Valerie Callanan. 2016. “Predicting Suicidal Tendencies Among High Risk Youth with the General Theory of Crime.” Deviant Behavior. 37(2): 1-17.

Peralta, Robert, Jennifer Steele*, Stacey Nofziger, Michael Rickles*. 2010. “The Impact of Gender on Binge Drinking Behavior among American College Students Attending a Midwestern University: An Analysis of Two Gender Measures.” Feminist Criminology, 5: 355-379.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2010. “A Gendered Perspective on the Relationship Between Self-Control and Deviance.” Feminist Criminology, 5: 29-50.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2009. “Victimization and the General Theory of Crime.” Violence and Victims. 24(3): 337-350.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2009. “Deviant Lifestyles and Violent Victimization at School.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 24(9): 1494-1517.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2008. “The ‘Cause’ of Low Self-Control: The Influence of Maternal Self-
Control.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 45(2): 191-224.

Stein, Rachel* and Stacey Nofziger. 2008. “Adolescent Sexual Victimization: Choice of Confidant and the Failure of Authorities.” Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice. 6(2): 158-177.

Nofziger, Stacey and Keith Farrington. 2006. “Presumed Guilty: An Examination of the Criminal Activity of Inmate Visitors.” International Journal of Crime, Criminal Justice, and Law. 1(1): 93-104.

Nofziger, Stacey and Hye-ryeon Lee. 2006. “Differential Associations and Daily Smoking of Adolescents: The Importance of Same Sex Models.” Youth & Society 37(4): 453-478.

Nofziger, Stacey and Rachel Stein*. 2006. “To Tell or Not to Tell: Lifestyle Impacts on Whether Adolescents Tell About Violent Victimization.” Violence and Victims. 21(3): 375-386.

Nofziger, Stacey and L. Susan Williams. 2005. “Perceptions of Police and Safety in a Small
Town.” Police Quarterly 8(2): 248-270.

Nofziger, Stacey and Don Kurtz*. 2005. “Violent Lives: A Lifestyle Model linking Exposure to Violence to Juvenile Violent Offending.” Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 42 (1): 3-26.

Williams, L. Susan and Stacey Nofziger. 2003. “Cops and the College Crowd: Young Adults and Perceptions of Police in a College Town.” Journal of Crime and Justice 26:125-151.

Chapple, Constance and Stacey Nofziger. 2000. “Bingo!: Hints of Deviance in the Accounts of Sociability and Profit of Bingo Players”. Deviant Behavior 21(6): 489-517.


Chapple, Constance and Stacey Nofziger. 2000. “Hints of Deviance in Bingo”. Pp.
347-350 in Readings In Deviant Behavior. 2nd Edition. Alex Thio and Thomas C.
Calhoun Editors. Allyn and Bacon.

Books / Chapters / Collections

Nofziger, Stacey. 2019. “Beyond the footnote: A return to the girls in the Richmond Youth Study.” Pp. 99-131 in Barbara J. Costello and James C. Oleson eds. Fifty Years of Causes of Delinquency: The Criminology of Travis Hirschi. Routledge.

Nofziger, Stacey and Nicole L. Rosen*. 2017. “Developing Self-Control to Prevent Crime.” Pp. 43-56 in Brent Teasdale and Mindy Bradley (eds). Preventing Crime and Violence Vol. 2. Springer Press.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2011. “Entering Deviance.” Pp 183-189 in Clifton Bryant (ed) The Routledge Handbook of Deviant Behavior. New York, NY: Routledge.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2011. “Classical Theories of Crime.” Chapter section in Frank Schmalleger, Criminology Today: An Integrative Introduction, 6th edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson / Prentice Hall.

Nofziger, Stacey. 2001. Bullies, Fights and Guns: Testing Self-Control Theory with Juveniles. New York, NY: LFB Scholarly Publishing LLC.


  • Ph.D., Sociology (Criminology, Juvenile Violence and Victimization, Criminal Justice and Community), University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 1999
  • M.A. Sociology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, 1995
  • B.A. Sociology, Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington (cum laude), 1993


3850 330: Criminology (Lecture and Online)

3850 360: Social Effects of Crime in the Media (Online)

3850 416: Women and Crime (Lecture and Online)

3850 428: Victim in Society (Lecture and Online)

3850 430: Juvenile Delinquency (Lecture)

3850 441: Sociology of Law (Lecture and Online)

3850 445: Family Violence (Lecture)